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Netherlands  
Information pages

Study: Most Patients Prefer Herbal Cannabis Over Marijuana-Based Pharmaceuticals

Leiden, The Netherlands: Subjects who consume cannabis for therapeutic purposes prefer herbal forms of the plant to pharmaceutically produced derivatives, according to survey data published in The Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. Investigators from Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States conducted a web-based survey consisting of 21 structured questions to assess patients' perceptions of different types of cannabinoid-based medicinal products as well as their preferred modes of consumption. Over 950 subjects took part in the survey. A majority of survey participants reported that herbal cannabis preparations were more cost-effective and posed fewer side effects than cannabis-derived pharmaceuticals, such as Marinol or nabilone. Participants were also more likely to report greater satisfaction with inhaled (via either smoking or vaporizing) forms of cannabis products as compared to products that required oral dosing.

"Cannabis smoking, closely followed by vaporizing, scored highest for satisfaction with ease of dose titration, while oral use of cannabinoids scored lowest," authors reported. "This [result] may be because rapid onset of effects of inhaled cannabinoid use allows easier titration of dose." Investigators concluded: "In general, herbal non-pharmaceutical CBMs (cannabinoid-based medicines) received higher appreciation scores by participants than pharmaceutical products containing cannabinoids. ... [O]ur data suggest that overall there is good satisfaction with whole plant preparations that are affordable and administered in an inhaled manner, or in the form of a tincture." For more information, please   >> Read more>> - on this Item.


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Welcome to MERCYs web pages dedicated to information on Cannabis in Netherlands and related issues.  

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Status of Medical Marijuana (Cannabis) in Netherlands.

  Info on Netherlands and Medical Cannabis 

Netherlands Has a MEDICAL MARIJUANA (cannabis) Policy (LAW).

Netherlands - status Netherlands | Cannabis is widely grown and tolerated. Cannabis has been available for recreational use in coffee shops since 1976. Thus it has also been available without a prescription for medical uses. In addition, since 2003 it is a legal prescription drug known as "Mediwiet", available at the pharmacy. There it costs more than in the coffee shop: ca. €9 per gram. It is important to note that laws remain on the books classifying possession and sale as illegal, but due to a non-enforcement policy, it has been de facto legalized. See Drug policy of the Netherlands. ... Click > here < for current info.

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Medical Cannabis in the Netherlands. | A change of the Dutch law on controlled substances (Opium Act) took effect on 17 March 2003. It includes regulations for applications regarding the cultivation of cannabis for medicinal purposes and guidelines for cultivating cannabis. Applications for an Opium Act exemption regarding cannabis will be handled by the Office of Medicinal Cannabis (BMC) of the Health Ministry. All cannabis cultivated by applicants has to be sold to the BMC. According to the regulations for opium act licences the task of the BMC is two-fold: "On the one hand, BMC must research or arrange for research regarding whether cannabis or cannabis products may be used as medicines; on the other hand, BMC must provide pharmacies in the course of 2003 with medicinal cannabis, so that patients can obtain this with a doctor's prescription."

The guidelines for cannabis cultivation have been derived from the general rules for Good Agricultural Practice of the Working Group on Herbal Medicinal Products of the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA). They describe requirements for cultivation, harvesting and primary processing, ensuring that the cannabis is produced under conditions that ensure that the therapeutic properties of the end product are constant and reproducible. An application form for an Opium Act exemption regarding cannabis may be obtained from the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, Office of Medicinal Cannabis, The Hague. ... Visit: http://www.cannabis-med.org/dutch/Regulations.htm

Netherlands - Resource, info; Medical Cannabis New South Wales Government (NSW-AU) Health > Druginfo > Medical Cannabis >> Netherlands | Cannabis Bureau Explains the goals of this Office. Bedrocan BV Medicinal Cannabis (Netherlands) Bedrocan BV is contracted by the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport for the growth and production of medicinal Cannabis. Council for Education in World Citizenship Northern Ireland (CEWC-NI) Legal Medicinal Cannabis: Collapse of a Joint Enterprise in Holland. Summary of activities in the Netherlands. Aug 2004 Dutch measures to control medical grade marijuana: facilitating clinical trials From Vol 35 Drug Information Journal 481 by W.K. Scholten. 2001

Medical Cannabis in the Netherlands | A change of the Dutch law on controlled substances (Opium Act) took effect on 17 March 2003. It includes regulations for applications regarding the cultivation of cannabis for medicinal purposes and guidelines for cultivating cannabis. The laws and regulations relating to this change can be downloaded from here. Pharmo Institute. Summary of the PHARMO Report: Medicinal cannabis in the Netherlands. April 2004 Media Reports DW-World. Dutch Prefer Cannabis Cafes to Pharmacies. 7 Feb 2005  Visit - http://www.druginfo.nsw.gov.au/medicinal_use_of_cannabis/medicinal_cannabis_netherlands

  The Law, LEGAL Resources  

Netherlands - status Legal and medical status of cannabis From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | Netherlands (Europe) Legal/Illegal | Main article: Drug policy of the Netherlands >> source - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legality_of_cannabis_by_country

In the Netherlands, the national drug policy officially has four major objectives:

  • To prevent drug use and to treat and rehabilitate drug users.
  • To reduce harm to users.
  • To diminish public nuisance by drug users (the disturbance of public order and safety in the neighborhood).
  • To combat the production and trafficking of drugs.[1]

Drug policy of the Netherlands | It is a pragmatic policy.[2] Most policymakers in the Netherlands believe that if a problem has proved to be unsolvable, it is better to try controlling it instead of continuing to enforce laws with mixed results. By contrast, most other countries take the point of view that drugs are detrimental to society and must therefore be outlawed, even when such policies fail to eliminate drug use. This has caused friction between the Netherlands and other countries about the policy for cannabis, most notably with France and Germany. As of 2004, Belgium seems to be moving toward the Dutch model and a few local German legislators are calling for experiments based on the Dutch model. Switzerland has had long and heated parliamentary debates about whether to follow the Dutch model, most recently deciding against it in 2004; currently a ballot initiative is in the works on the question. In the last few years certain strains of cannabis with higher concentrations of THC and drug tourism have challenged the current policy and led to a re-examination of the current approach.[3]

Netherlands has a high anti-drug related public expenditure, the second highest drug related public expenditure per capita of all countries in EU (after Sweden). 75% is law enforcement expenditures including police, army, law courts, prisons, customs and finance guards. 25% is health and social care expenditures including treatment, harm reduction, health research and educational including prevention and social affairs interventions.[4][5] ... visit - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_policy_of_the_Netherlands - for more.

Netherlands - status Netherlands - Encod.org | Info on CANNABIS IN Netherlands >> source - http://www.encod.org/info/Netherlands/

. . . and . . .

Europe - status Medical Marijuana in Europe - Medical Marijuana | Where in Europe is medical marijuana legal or decriminalized? Legality Medical marijuana is currently legal or decriminalized in the Czech Republic, Finland, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. Possession of (small amounts of) marijuana is generally tolerated or not penalized in Belgium, Croatia, Estonia, Italy, and Switzerland. While Germany has theoretically decriminalized medical marijuana, the rules are applied so stringently that it is effectively impossible to get approved as a medical marijuana patient. >> source - http://medicalmarijuana.org/content/20-medical-marijuana-in-europe Europe - Resource: Legalisieren.eu

Europe - status Legalisieren.eu | This is the first Hemp-Charity-Project in Europe. Our aim is the Legalisation of Cannabis. Here you can find more information about the campagne. Please support us. > contact here >> Visit - legalisieren.eu

. . . and . . .

International law

Marijuana is in Schedule IV of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, making it subject to special restrictions. Article 2 provides for the following, in reference to Schedule IV drugs:

    A Party shall, if in its opinion the prevailing conditions in its country render it the most appropriate means of protecting the public health and welfare, prohibit the production, manufacture, export and import of, trade in, possession or use of any such drug except for amounts which may be necessary for medical and scientific research only, including clinical trials therewith to be conducted under or subject to the direct supervision and control of the Party.

This provision, while apparently providing for the limitation of marijuana to research purposes only, also seems to allow some latitude for nations to make their own judgments. The official Commentary on the Single Convention indicates that Parties are expected to make that judgment in good faith. Visit - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_and_medical_status_of_cannabis - for more.

  local Organizations, CONTACTs and other Resources  

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local SIMM | SIMM (Stichting Institute of Medical Marijuana) was launched in The Netherlands in 1993. Our purpose...To produce and supply patients with high quality medical cannabis, at the lowest possible price; organically grown in soil in a clean environment, and properly handled throughout the growing/curing process.

SIMM distributed cannabis to patients, pharmacists, hospitals, researchers and others during its early years. It also served as a resource center for questions dealing with the use of cannabis as medicine. This was particularly useful for health care professionals (doctors, nurses) who were looking for a reliable source of information for their patients. SIMM was proud to receive the first license issued by a government agency for production of medical cannabis starting material for delivery to pharmacies. This was the first license of this type issued anywhere in the world. ... Visit: http://www.medicalmarijuana.org/

 See also >> Global Marijuana Marches, below. And more International resources > here < and Forums > here < or just page down and Learn more >>>


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Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Netherlands Expat Health Insurance / Healthcare System News | The healthcare system in the Netherlands is different from the systems in many other countries. Everyone who is living in the country, or who pays income tax, is required to purchase at least a basic level of insurance from private insurance providers. The insurance providers are highly regulated to ensure quality, provision of basic services, and to prevent discrimination. The insurers are required to accept everyone in their coverage area at a flat rate despite the health status of an individual. Citizens are free to choose any insurance companies that they prefer and may change insurance companies annually. The health system is designed to encourage competition, but at the same time, it is regulated to prevent companies from selecting only healthy clients over sicker individuals. Insurance companies are compensated for providing services to those patients who need it most. In Holland, it is legally allowed to consume small quantity of soft drugs inside properly licensed coffee shops. Doctors in the country have recommended marijuana to cancer patients as an appetite enhancer and to combat pain and nausea. It is also used by patients who are suffering from AIDS or multiple sclerosis. In 2003, the Netherlands legalised medical marijuana, in which, standardised marijuana is grown by a Government licensed grower under controlled conditions. The idea is to allow the licensed grower to build its customer base and eventually take over the production from illegal growers. It also would give companies a chance to develop and register cannabis-based prescription drugs. Medical marijuana is sold by prescription in pharmacies and some patients can have a portion of the costs covered by their health insurance.  Visit - http://www.globalsurance.com/resources/netherlands/netherlands_general_news/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local A Personal Report of Therapeutic Marijuana use in Holland by Arthur P. Leccese | My name is Arthur P. Leccese, I am 42 years old, and I have the good fortune to have moved two years ago to the Netherlands, where it is possible to obtain cheap and nearly legal marijuana. I define "medical marijuana" as pharmaceutical grade marijuana provided by pharmacists to insured patients given prescriptions by their physicians. The Dutch government has an ambivalent attitude towards such medical marijuana. There are some individuals, suffering from terminal diseases, who have for the last two years been quietly receiving medical marijuana. I suffer, not from a terminal illness, but from the painful muscle spasms and nerve irritation arising from a trauma-induced herniated lumbar disc. I have been able to obtain a prescription for medical marijuana from a physician, but have not been able to convince any Dutch pharmacist to fill this prescription. My Dutch physician became convinced of the legitimacy of my problem only after I arranged for the transfer of my extensive U.S. medical records. I was given a prescription for 50 grams per month of medical marijuana. Obtaining this prescription provided me with the first opportunity in my life to discuss, with a physician, the specifics of how to best integrate my family and personal medical history with the use of marijuana for pain relief. For example, I was able to discuss my concerns about the possible cardiopulmonary consequences of chronic marijuana smoking, given my family history of severe heart and lung disease. Whenever I had discussed this issue with U.S. physicians, I was invariably and aggressively told that the potential negative cardiopulmonary consequences of chronic marijuana smoking rendered the drug inappropriate for my use. In contrast, with my Dutch physician, I was able to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different methods of marijuana consumption. In conclusion, even though it is inappropriate today to refer to any country of the world as allowing medical marijuana, it is appropriate to say that the therapeutic use of marijuana is more advanced in Holland than anywhere else. That is, the toleration of recreational marijuana has made it easier for people such as myself to bring this therapeutic compound within the confines of their usual medical care, allowing total health without the physical and psychological consequences of a vicious and unscientific prohibition. This raises an interesting challenge to those in the U.S. and other countries, who hope to enhance the probability of the legalization of recreational marijuana through first promoting the myth-destroying use of medical marijuana. It may well be that this approach is incorrect, and that drug war mythology must be exploded by long-term tolerance of recreational marijuana before a conservative community of medical practitioners will accept an illicit drug as a medicinal compound.  Visit - http://rxmarijuana.com/holland.htm

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local From a minor injury to a serious accident, giving birth to fighting the common flu, medical concerns in a foreign country can make one feel at their most vulnerable. Whether you're in Amsterdam on your own or with a family, it is important to arrange a doctor, dentist and suitable health insurance. ... Doctors | Doctors in the Netherlands play an important role in the healthcare system. The doctor (huisarts) is the first port of call if you have...  Visit - http://www.iamsterdam.com/en-GB/living/family-health

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Listings Health & Wellbeing - Doctors - The Netherlands > Health & Wellbeing - Doctors listings - The Netherlands | Expatica The Netherlands  Visit - http://www.expatica.com/nl/listings/details/Health-and-Wellbeing,Doctors.html

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Accessing healthcare in the Netherlands | You will be treated on the same basis as a Dutch resident. Remember, each country’s health system is different and might not include all the things you would expect to get free of charge from the NHS. This may mean that you have to make a patient contribution to the cost of your care. You may be able to seek reimbursement for this cost when you are back in the UK. It is important that you ensure you are treated by a state healthcare provider as you will not be covered for private healthcare. You should be particularly careful if the healthcare arrangements have been made by a hotel or travel representative. Any costs incurred for private healthcare are non-refundable. Non-EEA nationals are covered in the Netherlands.  Click -> here <- for more.

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Doctors in Netherlands - Health | Lawyers and Law Firms, Notaries, Embassies & Consulates, Immigration Services ... Amsterdam Fysio, Expat Medical Centre, Huisarts aan de Herengracht, MEDISCH CENTRUM DE VECHT ... and more.  Visit - http://directory.justlanded.com/en/Netherlands/Health_Doctors/1

Netherlands- status; WeBeHigh.com | Worldwide Marijuana Travel Guide, Marijuana Prices, Spots & Legalization Status. WeBeHigh.org | Worldwide Marijuana Travel Guide, Marijuana Prices, Spots & Legalization Status. Currently covering 1128 cities. New cities and cities updates every day! >> Netherlands; Alkmaar, Amsterdam, Doetinchem, Leiden, Maastricht, Rotterdam and more ... visit - www.WeBeHigh.org/

    Netherlands- status; WeBeHigh.com | Worldwide Marijuana Travel Guide, Marijuana Prices, Spots & Legalization Status. Amsterdam, Netherlands | Smoking tolerance level [1= very illegal 5=virtually legal]: 5 --- Legislation: For anyone over the age of 18, hashish and marijuana are free, legl and available. You can buy a daily maximum of 5 gram hash or weed in municipality-controlled ´Coffeeshops´. Law Enforcement: The police don’t arrest any kind of soft drug users, although you may find it unpleasant to smoke in the quiet neighborhoods’ streets. Where to Buy marijuana in Amsterdam: You will find many brands of marijuana for purchase on the counter, at any coffee-shop. Either by the gram, or a fixed joint. another reporter added: “best places to buy marijuana are the coffee shops, its not wise to buy off the street because you never know if its laced. I stayed there for 5 days and found the best weed of my life, very easy to find. If you are looking for blow just walk down the red light district and you will see a bunch of black guys standing around. THEY ALL HAVE IT. ”  Visit - http://webehigh.org/amsterdam-netherlands/

    Netherlands- status; WeBeHigh.com | Worldwide Marijuana Travel Guide, Marijuana Prices, Spots & Legalization Status. Maastricht, Netherlands | Smoking tolerance level [1= very illegal 5=virtually legal]: 5 --- Legal status: In the Netherlands, drug use is not a criminal offence. “cquisition of drugs, for personal use, is not a criminal offence. Possession is technically a crime, but it is an offence widely tolerated by the courts and the public. Dutch law does make distinctions between hard and soft drugs. By decriminalizing pot and hash and allowing their sale in strictly-regulated coffee shops, the government hopes to promote health and safety among smokers while discouraging them from graduating to harder narcotics. Law Enforcement: 2007, a change for the worse: “Coffee shops licensed to sell marijuana in the southern Dutch city of Maastricht will begin fingerprinting customers and scanning their IDs this summer, a spokesman for the shops said Wednesday. The measures are aimed at ensuring the rules of the Netherlands famed tolerance policy are not violated, which could lead to shops being closed, said Marc Josemans, chairman of the Union of Maastricht’s Coffee Shops.  Visit - http://webehigh.org/maastricht-netherlands/

    Netherlands- status; WeBeHigh.com | Worldwide Marijuana Travel Guide, Marijuana Prices, Spots & Legalization Status. Rotterdam, Netherlands | Pot smokers will be happy to hear that Rotterdam has the same lenient drug laws as that other famous city in the Netherlands. The culture of marijuana tourism, however, is not as widespread and there is not the same pro-pot attitude from authorities as found in Amsterdam. Visitors should be warned that, while the Netherlands is known as one of the world’s weed capitals, marijuana and hash are not legal. Soft drug use is merely tolerated by authorities as a means of curbing the proliferation of dangerous narcotics and “protecting the health” of the general public. Dutch Health Minister Els Borst said the country’s policy of tolerance toward smokers has resulted in 675,000 regular soft drug users nationwide, but only 25,000 hard drug addicts. That does not mean visitors can take to Rotterdam’s streets to smoke or look for better deals. Drug use and purchase for personal use is not illegal. Possession, however, is still considered a criminal offence in the Netherlands. Anything under five grams is acceptable in the eyes of Dutch courts, but Rotterdam police have expressed far less good will than Amsterdam officials toward public soft drug use. Jaap de Vleiger, head of Rotterdam drug squad, said that the government should “stop the tolerance policy.”  Visit - http://webehigh.org/rotterdam-netherlands/

 See also >> Global Marijuana Marches, below.


Netherlands - Resource, Org; local NEWS: Netherlands Headlines | Netherlands: Cannabis Pair Smokin' It Overseas With Netherlands: Column: Reefer Sadness Netherlands: The Netherlands Rethinks Sex And Drugs Netherlands: Pressure To Reform Dutch Drug Laws As Gang Netherlands: Cannabis-Catching Chopper in the Netherlands URL:  http://mapinc.org/area/Netherlands

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Cannabis coffee shop - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | This article is about establishments selling marijuana. For establishments for the consumption of coffee, see coffeehouse. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Please improve this article and discuss the issue on the talk page. A cannabis coffeeshop is a place where the sale of cannabis and hashish for personal consumption by the public is tolerated by the local authorities (in Dutch called gedoogbeleid). They are most commonly found in the Netherlands. ... Visit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabis_coffee_shop

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Marijuana effects and information on drugs | Here you will find everything about marijuana, like How to roll a joint, Smoking pipes and bongs and Eating marijuana. Below we describe our opinion of marijuana. Taking marijuana affects and stimulates thinking and leads to a philosophic, positive attitude towards life. It causes euphoric feelings. You start feeling very happy and it stimulates your mind. Someone who is "high" has a positive view on the world and on life. Marijuana doesn't cause any mental harm. No cases are known of individuals crippled for life, neither physically, nor mentally. However, marijuana may intensify already existing latent, suppressed fears.

In the Netherlands marijuana is mostly smoked in a joint. The hash or weed is crumbled on some tobacco and sometimes covered with even more tobacco. Then a big joint is rolled, often very ingeniously, and it is shared by a number of smokers. The consequence of mixing tobacco and marijuana is that the smoker does get STONED, but not HIGH. Being stoned is a pleasant form of a light daze. The smoker feels dreamily, his/her world slows down, music becomes more intense and thoughts expand enormously. A stoned person is not very keen. Why should you worry when you're feeling so fine?! There is a large variety of effects of the different sorts of marijuana. The experienced taker knows the difference between Nepalese, Turkish, Afghan or Moroccan hash. Some sorts make you light-footed and talkative, other sorts prompt to lie down and dream.

In some circles alcohol is taken while smoking marijuana. mostly beer, sometimes wine, but real macho's also drink whisky or another spirit while smoking marijuana. Then smoking marijuana is useless, as alcohol breaks down the effect of the THC. The reason why marijuana is so popular is very simple: everyone smoking marijuana on a regular basis, knows from personal experience that it's harmless. Innumerable scientific researches have proven again and again that taking marijuana is not addictive. Everyone who smokes pure hashish from a pipe, without tobacco, would like to take again, because he/she appreciates the effect, but he/she doesn't know that uncontrollable need of the nicotine addict to immediately light another cigarette. Smoking pure hashish or marijuana always is a conscious choice.

The marijuana smoker decides to get high, for example to get more out of a conversation or to be able to undergo music or a movie in a more intense way, to feel a bond with nature or to reflect thoroughly on an idea. A marijuana smoker smokes because it gives him/her inspiration, not to escape from reality. Shortly after the smoke of marijuana has been inhaled, the effect is perceptible. The taker starts to feel euphoric, cheerful and relaxed. The beauty, the fun and the bright side of life, usually defeated by the daily grind, become perceptible. Ideas and views crop up and tensions disappear. ... Visit: http://www.drugs-plaza.com/marijuana/marijuana.htm

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Cannabis (drug) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Marijuana) This article is about Cannabis used as a psychoactive drug. For the plant genus, see Cannabis. For industrial and other personal uses of cannabis, see Cannabis#Industrial_and_Personal_Uses. "Marijuana" redirects here. For other uses, see Marijuana (disambiguation). | Cannabis | A dried flower of a Cannabis sativa plant. Note the visible trichomes (commonly referred to incorrectly as 'crystals'), which carry a large portion of the total cannabinoid or psychoactive drug content. Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae, Division: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rosales, Family: Cannabaceae, Genus: Cannabis, Species: C. sativa, C. indica; Binomial name(s) - Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica L.

Cannabis, commonly known as marijuana or marihuana,[1] and ganja (from Sanskrit: ????? gañj?, meaning hemp), among many other names,a[›] refer to any sort of preparation of the plants of the Cannabis genus intended for human ingestion for the purpose of inducing psychoactive effects. The most common form of Cannabis is the natural herbal form. The typical herbal form of Cannabis used as a drug consists of the flowers and subtending leaves and stalks of mature pistillate or female plants. The resinous form of the drug, known as hashish or merely as hash,[2] as well as hash oil or honey oil, consists primarily of glandular trichomes of Cannabis collected from the same material as that mentioned directly above. Kief is a type of hashish where the trichomes have been dried and crushed into a powder. Sinsemilla is a highly potent type of Cannabis plant that is bred to be non-pollinated and seedless, which essentially results in the dedication of all of the plant's resources into producing psychoactive compounds instead of focusing on reproduction.[3]

The major psychoactive chemical compound in Cannabis is ?9-tetrahydrocannabinol (abbreviated as ?9-THC or merely just THC). At least 66 other cannabinoids are also present in Cannabis, including cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabivarin (CBV), and cannabidivarin (CBDV), among, of course, many, many others. Along with THC, some of these cannabinoids are pharmacologically active and contribute to the effects of Cannabis. These compounds act by binding to and modulating the cannabinoid receptors CB1, CB2, GPR55 (proposed to be renamed as CB3), and GPR119 (may come to be known as CB4 in the future).

The human consumption of Cannabis via smoking has been found to have occurred as long ago as the 3rd millenium B.C.[4] In modern times, the drug has been used for recreational, religious or spiritual, and medicinal purposes. The United Nations (UN) estimates that about 4% of the world's adult population (162 million people) use Cannabis annually, and about 0.6% (22.5 million) use it on a daily basis.[5] The possession, use, or sale of Cannabis preparations containing psychoactive cannabinoids became illegal in most parts of the world in the early 20th century. Since then, some countries have intensified the enforcement of Cannabis prohibition, while others have reduced it. ... Visit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marijuana

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Marijuana's Adverse Effects -- familydoc | Information about marijuana's adverse effects from the American Academy of Family Physicians ... Is marijuana use associated with other drug use? ... What are the common side effects of marijuana use? The following are some of the common side effects of using marijuana: Trouble remembering things, Slowed reaction time, Difficulty concentrating, Sleepiness, Anxiety, Paranoia (feeling that people are "out to get you"), Altered time perception; Red, bloodshot eyes. Using marijuana for a long time makes some people lose interest in school, work, relationships and other activities. It may also cause legal problems. Using marijuana can be especially dangerous in certain situations, such as when you are driving, because your reaction time is slower. This make it more difficult to react to a dangerous situation, which could cause an accident. ... Visit: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/addictions/drugs/485.html

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Myths and Facts About Marijuana | This collection of myths and facts is based on the book Marijuana Myths, Marijuana Facts: A Review of the Scientific Evidence . A decade after the book was published, the latest scientific evidence continues to support the original findings. Top Five Marijuana Myths; Marijuana Can Cause Permanent Mental Illness, Marijuana Is Highly Addictive, Marijuana Is More Potent Today Than In The Past, Marijuana Offenses Are Not Severely Punished, Marijuana Is More Damaging to the Lungs Than Tobacco.

Myth: Marijuana Can Cause Permanent Mental Illness. Among adolescents, even occasional marijuana use may cause psychological damage. During intoxication, marijuana users become irrational and often behave erratically.

Fact: There is no convincing scientific evidence that marijuana causes psychological damage or mental illness in either teenagers or adults. Some marijuana users experience psychological distress following marijuana ingestion, which may include feelings of panic, anxiety, and paranoia. Such experiences can be frightening, but the effects are temporary. With very large doses, marijuana can cause temporary toxic psychosis. This occurs rarely, and almost always when marijuana is eaten rather than smoked. Marijuana does not cause profound changes in people's behavior.

Myth: Marijuana is Highly Addictive. Long term marijuana users experience physical dependence and withdrawal, and often need professional drug treatment to break their marijuana habits.

Fact: Most people who smoke marijuana smoke it only occasionally. A small minority of Americans - less than 1 percent - smoke marijuana on a daily basis. An even smaller minority develop a dependence on marijuana. Some people who smoke marijuana heavily and frequently stop without difficulty. Others seek help from drug treatment professionals. Marijuana does not cause physical dependence. If people experience withdrawal symptoms at all, they are remarkably mild.

Myth: Marijuana Is More Potent Today Than In The Past. Adults who used marijuana in the 1960s and 1970s fail to realize that when today's youth use marijuana they are using a much more dangerous drug.

Fact: When today's youth use marijuana, they are using the same drug used by youth in the 1960s and 1970s. A small number of low-THC samples seized by the Drug Enforcement Administration are used to calculate a dramatic increase in potency. However, these samples were not representative of the marijuana generally available to users during this era. Potency data from the early 1980s to the present are more reliable, and they show no increase in the average THC content of marijuana. Even if marijuana potency were to increase, it would not necessarily make the drug more dangerous. Marijuana that varies quite substantially in potency produces similar psychoactive effects.

Myth: Marijuana Offenses Are Not Severely Punished. Few marijuana law violators are arrested and hardly anyone goes to prison. This lenient treatment is responsible for marijuana continued availability and use.

Fact: Marijuana arrests in the United States doubled between 1991 and 1995. In 1995, more than one-half-million people were arrested for marijuana offenses. Eighty-six percent of them were arrested for marijuana possession. Tens of thousands of people are now in prison or marijuana offenses. An even greater number are punished with probation, fines, and civil sanctions, including having their property seized, their driver's license revoked, and their employment terminated. Despite these civil and criminal sanctions, marijuana continues to be readily available and widely used.

Myth: Marijuana is More Damaging to the Lungs Than Tobacco. Marijuana smokers are at a high risk of developing lung cancer, bronchitis, and emphysema.

Fact: Moderate smoking of marijuana appears to pose minimal danger to the lungs. Like tobacco smoke, marijuana smoke contains a number of irritants and carcinogens. But marijuana users typically smoke much less often than tobacco smokers, and over time, inhale much less smoke. As a result, the risk of serious lung damage should be lower in marijuana smokers. There have been no reports of lung cancer related solely to marijuana, and in a large study presented to the American Thoracic Society in 2006, even heavy users of smoked marijuana were found not to have any increased risk of lung cancer. Unlike heavy tobacco smokers, heavy marijuana smokers exhibit no obstruction of the lung's small airway. That indicates that people will not develop emphysema from smoking marijuana.

More Marijuana Myths; Marijuana Has No Medicinal Value, ; Marijuana Is a Gateway Drug, Marijuana's Harms Have Been Proved Scientifically, Marijuana Causes an Amotivational Syndrome, Marijuana Policy in the Netherlands is a Failure, Marijuana Kills Brain Cells, Marijuana Impairs Memory and Cognition, Marijuana Causes Crime, Marijuana Interferes With Male and Female Sex Hormones, Marijuana Use During Pregnancy Damages the Fetus, Marijuana Use Impairs the Immune System; Marijuana's Active Ingredient, THC, Gets Trapped in Body Fat Marijuana Use is a Major Cause Of Highway Accidents; Marijuana Related Hospital Emergencies Are Increasing, Particularly Among Youth; Marijuana Use Can Be Prevented ...

Myth: Marijuana Has No Medicinal Value. Safer, more effective drugs are available. They include a synthetic version of THC, marijuana's primary active ingredient, which is marketed in the United States under the name Marinol.

Fact: Marijuana has been shown to be effective in reducing the nausea induced by cancer chemotherapy, stimulating appetite in AIDS patients, and reducing intraocular pressure in people with glaucoma. There is also appreciable evidence that marijuana reduces muscle spasticity in patients with neurological disorders. A synthetic capsule is available by prescription, but it is not as effective as smoked marijuana for many patients. Pure THC may also produce more unpleasant psychoactive side effects than smoked marijuana. Many people use marijuana as a medicine today, despite its illegality. In doing so, they risk arrest and imprisonment.

Myth: Marijuana is a Gateway Drug. Even if marijuana itself causes minimal harm, it is a dangerous substance because it leads to the use of "harder drugs" like heroin, LSD, and cocaine.

Fact: Marijuana does not cause people to use hard drugs. What the gateway theory presents as a causal explanation is a statistic association between common and uncommon drugs, an association that changes over time as different drugs increase and decrease in prevalence. Marijuana is the most popular illegal drug in the United States today. Therefore, people who have used less popular drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and LSD, are likely to have also used marijuana. Most marijuana users never use any other illegal drug. Indeed, for the large majority of people, marijuana is a terminus rather than a gateway drug. Morral, Andrew R.; McCaffrey, Daniel F. and Susan M. Paddock. “Reassessing the marijuana gateway effect.” Addiction 97.12 (2002): 1493-504.

Myth: Marijuana's Harms Have Been Proved Scientifically. In the 1960s and 1970s, many people believed that marijuana was harmless. Today we know that marijuana is much more dangerous than previously believed.

Fact: In 1972, after reviewing the scientific evidence, the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse concluded that while marijuana was not entirely safe, its dangers had been grossly overstated. Since then, researchers have conducted thousands of studies of humans, animals, and cell cultures. None reveal any findings dramatically different from those described by the National Commission in 1972. In 1995, based on thirty years of scientific research editors of the British medical journal Lancet concluded that "the smoking of cannabis, even long term, is not harmful to health." United States. National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse. Marihuana: A signal of misunderstanding. Shafer Commission Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972. “Deglamorising Cannabis.” Editorial. The Lancet 356:11(1995): 1241.

Myth: Marijuana Causes an Amotivational Syndrome. Marijuana makes users passive, apathetic, and uninterested in the future. Students who use marijuana become underachievers and workers who use marijuana become unproductive.

Fact: For twenty-five years, researchers have searched for a marijuana-induced amotivational syndrome and have failed to find it. People who are intoxicated constantly, regardless of the drug, are unlikely to be productive members of society. There is nothing about marijuana specifically that causes people to lose their drive and ambition. In laboratory studies, subjects given high doses of marijuana for several days or even several weeks exhibit no decrease in work motivation or productivity. Among working adults, marijuana users tend to earn higher wages than non-users. College students who use marijuana have the same grades as nonusers. Among high school students, heavy use is associated with school failure, but school failure usually comes first.

Myth: Marijuana Policy in the Netherlands is a Failure. Dutch law, which allows marijuana to be bought, sold, and used openly, has resulted in increasing rates of marijuana use, particularly in youth.

Fact: The Netherlands' drug policy is the most nonpunitive in Europe. For more than twenty years, Dutch citizens over age eighteen have been permitted to buy and use cannabis (marijuana and hashish) in government-regulated coffee shops. This policy has not resulted in dramatically escalating cannabis use. For most age groups, rates of marijuana use in the Netherlands are similar to those in the United States. However, for young adolescents, rates of marijuana use are lower in the Netherlands than in the United States. The Dutch people overwhelmingly approve of current cannabis policy which seeks to normalize rather than dramatize cannabis use. The Dutch government occasionally revises existing policy, but it remains committed to decriminalization. ... Visit: http://www.drugpolicy.org/marijuana/factsmyths/#netherlands

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local The Netherlands Compared With The United States | The Netherlands follows a policy of separating the market for illicit drugs. Cannabis is primarily purchased through coffee shops. Coffee shops offer no or few possibilities for purchasing illicit drugs other than cannabis. Thus The Netherlands achieve a separation of the soft drug market from the hard drugs market - and separation of the 'acceptable risk' drug user from the 'unacceptable risk' drug user. Source: Abraham, Manja D., University of Amsterdam, Centre for Drug Research, Places of Drug Purchase in The Netherlands (Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam, September 1999), pp. 1-5.

... Comparing Important Drug and Violence Indicators; Social Indicator, Comparison Year, USA, Netherlands. Lifetime prevalence of marijuana use (ages 12+), 2001, 36.9% 1, 17.0% 2 ... "There were 2.4 drug-related deaths per million inhabitants in the Netherlands in 1995. In France this figure was 9.5, in Germany 20, in Sweden 23.5 and in Spain 27.1. According to the 1995 report of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction in Lisbon, the Dutch figures are the lowest in Europe. The Dutch AIDS prevention programme was equally successful. Europe-wide, an average of 39.2% of AIDS victims are intravenous drug-users. In the Netherlands, this percentage is as low as 10.5%." ... Visit: http://www.drugwarfacts.org/cms/node/67

International - Resources Treating Yourself | Medical Cannabis reference links. ... Mission: TreatingYourself.com was created in May 2002 to provide medical marijuana users with information to assist them in their responsible use of medical marijuana. At their site they have info and links like -

    International - Resources International Association for Cannabis as Medicine (IACM) | The International Association for Cannabis as Medicine (IACM) was founded in March 2000. It is a scientific society advocating the improvement of the legal situation for the use of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa L.) and its pharmacologically most important active compounds, the cannabinoids, for therapeutic applications through promotion of research and dissemination of information. ...   ...   Visit - http://www.acmed.org/.

    International - Resources Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base | INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE (IOM) Report, 1999. The medical use of marijuana is surrounded by a cloud of social, political, and religious controversy, which obscures the facts that should be considered in the debate.   ...   Visit - http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=6376.

    International - Resources Marijuana: The Forbidden Medicine - by Dr. Grinspoon | Since marijuana is largely a folk medicine, not generally recognized by the medical establishment, the people who know most about it are those who use it on their own. The purpose of our website is to gain access to that body of knowledge so that we can share it with potential patients and physicians.   ...   Visit - http://rxmarijuana.com/exchange.htm.

    International - Resources Drug War Facts on medical marijuana | "A valuable resource for anyone concerned with drug policy." — Ira Rosen, Senior Producer, ABC News. "A compendium of facts that fly in the face of accepted wisdom." — David F. Duncan, Clinical Associate Professor, Brown University Medical School.   ...   Visit - http://drugwarfacts.org/cms/?q=node/54.

    International - Resources Health Canada - Information for the Patient - Marihuana (Cannabis) | This leaflet [link] is published by Health Canada for patients who have been authorized by Health Canada to possess dried marihuana.   ...   Visit - http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/marihuana/how-comment/applicant-demandeur/info_patient-eng.php.

Click here > TreatingYourself.com < to read more Medical Cannabis reference links. For additional links of interest click there to visit Mr. Nice's links page.

International - Resources, Information ASA: Medical Info » Educational Booklets on Medical Cannabis » Multiple Sclerosis and Medical Cannabis | A Note from Americans for Safe Access: We are committed to ensuring safe, legal availability of marijuana for medical uses. This brochure is intended to help doctors, patients and policymakers better understand how marijuana—or "cannabis" as it is more properly called—may be used as a treatment for people with serious medical conditions.   This booklet contains information about using cannabis as medicine. ... and legal access to medical cannabis (medical marijuana) for therapeutic uses ... International, and elsewhere have shown great promise for new medical applications. ...   ...   Visit - http://www.safeaccessnow.org/article.php?id=4558.


For more information on cannabis (marijuana) as medicine, see the Basics, below.

  LEGISLATION, Action Items and related Resources  

Netherlands - Resources DrugScience.org | is the homesite for the Cannabis Rescheduling Petition ... International Cannabis Alliance of Researchers and Educators (I-CARE) - 1992 ... Marijuana Research: Medical Professional... The 2002 Petition to Reschedule Cannabis (Marijuana) Accepted Medical Use: Medical Professionals

Cannabis's accepted medical use in the United States is increasingly recognized by health care professionals and the medical community, including the Institute of Medicine. Numerous medical organizations support legal access to cannabis for medicinal purposes. A new medical journal released in 2001 focuses on the medicinal use of cannabis and cannabinoids. National clinical conferences on the medicinal use of cannabis have been held in the United States in 2000 and 2002 and are scheduled to continue on a biennial basis. Most importantly, data on the number of physicians currently recommending therapeutic marijuana use to their patients demonstrate its acceptance by the medical community in the United States.

The most significant evidence of marijuana’s acceptance by the medical community in the United States consists of data on the number of physicians currently recommending marijuana medical use by their patients: "By any reasonable definition, marijuana has "currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States."   ...   Visit - http://www.drugscience.org/amu/amu_medprof.html.

Organizations and other Resources Any others? Will be listed here.  As we get the info. Know about one yourself? Got an Idea? Post it on the Bulletin Board, below.

  other National and International ORGz Section 

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local ASA: Medical Info | Medical cannabis (medical marijuana) relieves symptoms of HIV/AIDS, Multiple ... by prescription in the Netherlands, Canada, Spain, and Italy in its whole plant form. ...

Medical Cannabis Research | In response to the spurious and misleading claims by the U.S Federal Government suggesting that cannabis has "no accepted medical value" Americans for Safe Access has collected some of the most relevant international research into cannabinoids and the therapeutic use of cannabis. This research includes peer-reviewed and published studies, as well as some of the most extensive government examinations into cannabis safety and its potential as a therapeutic agent.

Educational Booklets on Medical Marijuana and Specific Medical Conditions | We have produced a number of highly informative booklets on the use of cannabis to treat specific conditions. You can download free PDFs of booklets on HIV/AIDS, Multiple Sclerosis, Aging, Arthritis, Gastro-Intestinal Disorders, Movement Disorders, Cancer and Chronic Pain. To order booklets, please contact info@safeaccessnow.org.

Medical Cannabis Endorsements | Safe access to cannabis for patients and research has been endorsed by a growing number of professional healthcare organizations, including the American Public Health Association, the American Nurses Association, and most recently, the Medical Student Section of the American Medical Association.

Tips for Medical Marijuana Patients | Information on finding a doctor, growing and using marijuana, and staying safe and legal.

Join A Patients Union! | ASA is working with patients to form Medical Marijuana Patients Unions based on shared diagnosis. Condition-based groups are now forming across the U.S. Patients Unions are a support network for patients and caregivers fighting for the use of marijuana as medicine as well as a vehicle for lobbying and public education.

Medical and Scientific Advisory Board | Americans for Safe Access is pleased to announce the formation of our Medical and Scientific Advisory Board. Comprised of leading medical and scientific experts, the Advisory Board will help ASA outreach to important medical, scientific, and condition-based organizations in an effort to promote better access to cannabis for therapeutic uses and research.

History of Medical Cannabis | Cannabis was a part of the American pharmacopoeia until 1942 and is currently available by prescription in the Netherlands, Canada, Spain, and Italy in its whole plant form. ... Visit: http://www.safeaccessnow.org/section.php?id=125

Netherlands - Resources, Meetings and Meet-Ups Meetings and Meet-Ups > Medical Cannabis Meetup Groups - Medical Cannabis Meetups around the world | Find a Medical Cannabis Meetup Group near you ... grouped by City and Country ... find the ones with the most people interested in Medical Cannabis Meetups in Netherlands ... international, national, provincial, municipal levels   ...   Visit - http://www.meetup.com/cities/nl/.

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Organizations Supporting Access to Therapeutic Cannabis As Compiled by Patients Out of Time National Council on Drug Abuse, Jamaica - 2001 Preventive Medical Center, Netherlands - 1993 Schmerztherapeutisches Kolloquium (Society for Pain Therapists) Germany - 1998 Stichting Institute of Medical Marijuana, Netherlands - 1993 United Church of Jamaica and Cayman Islands – 2000 ... Visit: http://www.medicalcannabis.com/Grouplist.htm


Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Centre for Drug Research, University of Amsterdam | CEDRO combines epidemiological and longitudinal research on illicit drugs, addiction theory, and drug policy developments in Europe. Articles in English, Dutch, French, German, Italian and Russian. Features: Policy, Publications, Search Engine, History, Research, Mailing List(s), News; URL: http://www.cedro-uva.org/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Drugs Forum | Drugs forum - All about recreational drugs - marijuana, magic mushrooms, lsd, cocaine, legal high, chemical psychedelics and more Features: Search Engine, Research, Forum URL: http://www.drugs-forum.com/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Ibogaine - Rite of Passage | This 50 minute documentary shows the different aspects of this special substance by means of personal experiences and explanations of ex-addicts, treatment providers and experts. Features: Audio/Video, Mailing List(s) URL: http://www.ibogainefilm.com/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local THC Ministry | The THC Ministry is based on ancient wisdom, modern science & the enlightening & healing properties of cannabis sacrament. Our mission includes liberating the cannabis hemp plant & the minds of those who do & of those who do not revere it. May we all enjoy the rich, abundant & awakened life that is part of our Divine inheritance. Features: Commentary, Policy, Publications, Press Releases, History, Membership, Research, Speakers, Forum, News URL: http://www.thc-ministry.net/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local www.recreationaldrugs.startbewijs.nl | Startbewijs.nl - Maak je eigen startpagina zowel persoonsgebonden of over een onderwerp. Features: Search Engine URL: http://www.recreationaldrugs.startbewijs.nl/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local ... More | As we learn about them. In the meantime ... Visit: http://www.mapinc.org/dpr.htm

Netherlands - Legal Resources DrugScience.org | Marijuana Research Links: Medical Use ... summaries; scientific and legal arguments for medical marijuana; search engine for research reports on ... Organizations. Medical Cannabis and Scientific ... Library: Research Links Research Guide ... Use the links below to research any aspect of marijuana, medical cannabis, drug policy and the public policy process including: Medical Cannabis and Scientific Research; Gettman on the Web; Dependence, Addiction, and Abuse Potential; Criminal Justice and Public Health Data; U.S. Drug Policy; Legal and Legislative Aspects of Drug Policy; International Drug Policy; Non-Profit Organizations   ...   Visit - http://www.drugscience.org/lib/links.html.

Russia - Legal Resources The International Cannabinoid Research Society (ICRS) | The ICRS is a non-political and non-religious organization dedicated to scientific research in all fields of the cannabinoids, ranging from biochemical, chemical and physiological studies of the endogenous cannabinoid system to studies of the abuse potential of recreational cannabis.   ...   Visit - http://cannabinoidsociety.org/.

The 19th Annual Symposium of the International Cannabinoid Research Society Sun, 03/08/2009 | The ICRS is a non-political and non-religious organization dedicated to scientific research in all fields of the cannabinoids, ranging from biochemical, chemical and physiological studies of the endogenous cannabinoid system to studies of the abuse potential of recreational cannabis. In addition to acting as a source for impartial information on cannabis and the cannabinoids, the main role of the ICRS is to provide an open forum for researchers to meet and discuss their results.

The mission of the ICRS is to: foster cannabinoid research, to promote exchange of information and ideas about cannabis and the cannabinoids through the organization of scientific meetings; to encourage financial support from funding agencies and industries; to facilitate liasons between funding agencies, industry and the academic community, and to serve as a source of reliable information on the chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and the behavioral, psychological and social effects of cannabis and the cannabinoids (ICRS By-Laws, adopted June 1992).   ...   Visit - http://www.medicalmarijuanadoctors.org/international-cannabinoid-research-society%20.

Russia - Resources ASA's Federal Quarterly Newsletter » Medical Cannabis Policy Update: Spring 2009 | Medical Cannabis Developments: Legislative, Legal, State Programs, International and Research ... for California Provider of Medical Cannabis. >> INTERNATIONAL >> CANADA: Restrictions of Medical Cannabis Program Unconstitutional Russia: Autonomous Regions Can Allow Doctors to Prescribe Cannabis   ...   Visit - http://www.safeaccessnow.org/article.php?id=5730.

Russia - Resources A International World Wide Listings Of Marijuana & Cannabis Clinics & Dispensary's | California Medical Marijuana Buyers Club ... A Indepth Roster & Reviews California Medical Marijuana Dispensaries ... National & International Marijuana Dispensary's Clinic Listings. Any Medical Clinics & Or Dispensaries Or Delivery Services Who Would Like To Get Listed Here On This Page Of Our Website.   ...   Visit - http://www.onlinepot.org/medical/medicalclinics.htm.

Resources, Organizations - NORML Medical Use by State NORML Home / Medical Use by State. All States and Canada Mexico Europe Other ... See Map: www.norml.org/index.cfm?Group_ID=3376 for more.

Resources, Organizations - Patients Out of Time, a patient advocacy organization Patients Out of Time is a patient advocacy organization with a universal constituency. They support the rights of patients to have a legal and safe access to the therapeutic use of cannabis. The mission of their organization, a 501 (c) 3 non-profit, is the education of health care professionals and the public about the therapeutic use of cannabis. Their leadership is composed of medical and nursing professionals with expertise in the clinical applications of cannabis and five of the seven patients (two wish to remain anonymous) who receive their medical cannabis from the US government. Patients Out of Time is the only national non-profit in the United States that focuses only on therapeutic cannabis issues. Visit - www.medicalcannabis.com

Resources, Organizations - Marijuana Policy Project (MPP) Marijuana Policy Project (MPP). Join the Marijuana Policy Project! State officials confirm Supreme Court decision does not impact state medical marijuana laws. Medical Marijuana Briefing Paper - 2005. Until 1937, marijuana (Cannabis sativa L.) was legal in the United States ... Hawaii enacted a medical marijuana law via its state legislature in 2000 and ... Visit: www.mpp.org/medicine.html

Resources, Organizations - DrugSense: Drug Law Reform DrugSense: Drug Law Reform ... of Justice Statistics, State Court Organization, 1998 (Washington, DC ... Cannabis in Medical Practice: A Legal, Historical and Pharmacological... Visit: www.drugsense.org

Organizations and other Resources Others? Will be listed here.  As we get the info. Know about one yourself? Post it on the Bulletin Board, below.

  FORUMs Section 

Netherlands - Forum; Can you buy honey oil/hash oil in amsterdam? Can you buy honey oil/hash oil in amsterdam? if so where??? (i'm talking about the very strong oil that comes from pressed marijuana) the Katsu Coffeeshop (www.katsu.nl) sell something called Crystal Clear ice-olater which is very similar to the old style Hashoil,but better. Yes, you can, but it's usually not advertised... You'll have to go and ask for it in various coffeeshops >> visit - uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080104033937AAchLPj

Netherlands - Forum; How to buy hemp oil? from Holland? or legalized state in USA? How to buy hemp oil? from Holland? or legalized state in USA? Hemp Seed Oil will not do. It has to be made from the plant, not from the seed only. I need to find oil from the Indica Hemp rather than the Sativa strains as Rick Simpson explains in the video as mentioned below to be more effective against cancer or other disease. I'd order it from the place in Holland if I knew where to get it. I have searched and searched and found that I might be able to get in here in the USA because it is legalized in some states now. >> visit - www.stickyguide.com/dispensaries/amsterdams-garden/products/rick-simpson-formula-hash-oil

Netherlands - Forum; Health - Diluted cannabis oil as medical marijuana Health - Diluted cannabis oil as medical marijuana - Drugs Forum In the Netherlands, people are using diluted cannabis oil as medical marijuana. The solution is made by pressing oil from cannabis buds and diluting the cannabisoil with olive oil to a factor 5. 7-8 grams of cannabis buds is enough to create 1 gram of pure cannabis oil. A 10cc bottle contains 2cc pure cannabis oil. The idea behind it is that this allows oral consumption without getting high. People mostly take 1-2 drops, several times a day. Mostly 3-4 doses a day. The effect comes on after 15 minutes and works for 4-5 hours. If a high is experienced, then the dose is lowered with 1 drop. ( Wietolie-op-wietbakje.jpg ) Diluted cannabis oil is spread in the medical marijuana (mediwiet) scene in the Netherlands to people with related illnesses. Read more: >> visit - www.drugs-forum.com/forum/showthread.php?t=191560

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Should the USA have marijuana laws similar to the netherlands? | If your 21 and above you are allowed to grow your own in private or enter a special cafe to smoke marijuana, smoking in the streets or giving it to anyone below 21 is illegal and you cannot smoke within 4 hours of using dangerous equipment. No anti pot people, this is the closest so legalizing possible without harming your anti-gay,anti-abortion,anti-drug,anti-ob… and anti-global warming ideology you cons have. 3 weeks ago Additional Details If you wanna see more anti weed nuts look at the politics section on the politics section ... Visit: http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090722215032AAoif3J

Resources, Organizations - Open Directory - Society: Issues: Health: Drugs: Illegal: Pro-Legalization: Marijuana: Medical Purposes Open Directory - Society: Issues: Health: Drugs: Illegal: Pro-Legalization: Marijuana: Medical Purposes ... to providing medical cannabis to those in need. Initiative 692 - Medical Marijuana - WCMR of Washington State ... use of medical cannabis in the state of Colorado. Medical Marijuana ... click > here < for more.


Also, here are some other International Forums -

Russia - Resources International Cannagraphic Magazine Forums > Talk About It! > Cannabis Laws & Cannabis Legislation > NJ Medical Marijuana | N.J. Senate approves medical marijuana bill - Monday, December 15, 2008 | TRENTON BUREAU: A Senate committee today cleared a measure that would allow medical use of marijuana in New Jersey. The Senate Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens Committee voted to approve the long-stalled bill by a 6 to 1 margin; two senators abstained. The bill calls for creating “alternative treatment centers” where people with chronic and terminal diseases would be allowed access to marijuana. Supporters say marijuana is a viable treatment option to alleviate pain in many cases.

“It is the definition of basic human decency that we do whatever we can to ease the pain and suffering of people living with severe chronic and terminal diseases,” said bill sponsor Sen. Nicholas Scutari, D-Union. “When all other avenues of currently-approved pain relief have been exhausted, we need to give doctors the freedom to prescribe medical marijuana to give their patients a measure of comfort and dignity in the face of their debilitating diseases. This bill is about the most humane, compassionate option for those state residents who have nowhere else to turn in managing their illnesses.”

If ultimately approved by the full Legislature and signed by Governor Corzine, New Jersey would be the 14th state to allow medical use of marijuana.   ...   Visit - https://www.icmag.com/ic/showthread.php?t=106356.

Russia - Resources Cannabis.com | Medical Marijuana, Cannabis Club directory, Collective, Dispenary Reviews, ... "The International Narcotics Control Board is deeply concerned ... Cannabis Forums Message Boards - Medical Marijuana, Cannabis Club, Dispensary, News Cannabis Club / Clubs / Co-Op / Dispensary Directory   ...   Visit - http://cannabis.com/club/.

Russia - Resources International | Medical Cannabis: Voices from the Frontlines. Our international counterparts may be surging ahead in their paths to provide safe access for patients who benefit from medical cannabis, but here in the US ... Archive for the ‘International’ Category In Case there was any Doubt… Tuesday, May 12th, 2009 Posted by elizabeth |   A new study entitled Marijuana Effectiveness as an HIV Self-Care Strategy, which was released this past weekend in Clinical Nursing Research, indicates that persons living with HIV/AIDS rate cannabis as more effective in treating the symptoms of anxiety, depression, fatigue, diarrhea, and neuropathy than other prescription and over the counter medications.

The study, which was conducted over a two year period and included 775 patients from the USA, Africa, and Puerto Rico, assessed the use of cannabis as a symptom management approach for anxiety, depression, fatigue, diarrhea, nausea, and peripheral neuropathy.  27% of survey participants reported using cannabis for medicinal purposes.

Researchers wrote that cannabis use “was rated slightly more effective than antidepressants for anxiety and depression, Imodium for diarrhea, [over the counter] (OTC) medications for fatigue, and anti-epileptics and OTC medications for neuropathy” while cannabis was rated “slightly less effective for nausea than either prescribed or OTC medications.”   Authors concluded that cannabis “is perceived by users as at least as effective as prescribed medications in symptom management.”   ...   Visit - http://safeaccessnow.org/blog/?cat=22.

Resources - Forums, Ganja Grocer Ganja Grocer | We are your Medical Marijuana Resource Center. Learn How to Become a Legal Medical Marijuana Patient. If you live in a state with Medical Marijuana Laws, Come visit our forums today! Visit - www.ganjagrocer.com < for more.

Resources  - Forums, Chat Rooms, Message Boards CANNABIS.COM - is based in california and focused on providing the best possible resources for future and current medical marijuana patients, activists, and supporters. MessageBoard Forum. Cannabis FAQs. Image & Picture Gallery. Medical Marijuana. Vaporizer FAQ. Advertising Information ... Visit: www.cannabis.com

Resources  - Forums, Cannabis Community Coalition Cannabis Community Coalition. Forum for Medical Marijuana & Medicinal Cannabis Patients. ... visit: cannabiscom.blogspot.com < for more.

Resources - Forums, Compassionate Coalition The Compassionate Coalition's mission: To defend the rights of medical marijuana patients and care providers through education and community participation. A nonprofit grassroots organization that helps build and support local chapters nation-wide, linking them with other medical marijuana reform organizations and resources. Contact Information - Mailing Address: The Compassionate Coalition * 1500 Oliver Road, Ste-K * P.M.B. #248 * Fairfield, CA 94533-3473 * (NOTE: When sending mail to this address, please be sure to write "The Compassionate Coalition" in the address line. Thanks!) * Fax: (916)266-7455 * or Visit: www.compassionatecoalition.org/forum

Resources - Amsterdam THC Ministry
First Universal Church of Kantheism The Amsterdam THC Ministry, First Universal Church of Kantheism, is based on ancient wisdom, modern science and the enlightening and healing properties of the cannabis sacrament. Their mission includes liberating the sacred cannabis hemp plant and the minds and spirits of those who do and of those who do not revere it. May we all enjoy the rich, abundant, joyful and awakened life that is part of our natural inheritance. Visit: www.thc-ministry.net/forum

Resources - Ya-Hooka; Health and Medicinal Buyers Clubs Organizations and Compassion Clubs Ya-Hooka; Health_and_Medicinal/Buyers_Clubs Organizations and Compassion Clubs providing access to medical marijuana  ... Co-op ~ The Alternative Relief Co-op is a patient-oriented medical cannabis dispensary located in San Francisco ... It Report Broken Link. Arizona Medical Marijuana Co-Op ~ Click here for more.

Resources - Cannabis Classifieds Want Ads Welcome to the Cannabis Classifieds Want Ads. To buy cannabis for medical purposes is legal in some areas. Here you will find hundreds of medical doctors, professional growers, and prescription patients in need who want to buy cannabis legally but can't find each other. Visit: www.cannabisclassifieds.com/cannabiswant.html

  EVENTs, Calendars and related Resources  

Netherlands - Resources, Events and Action Items Netherlands | Global Marijuana Marches - Netherlands Event - Global Marijuana March ? cities in Netherlands have signed up one or more years since 1999; >>   or Visit - http://cannabis.wikia.com/wiki/Category:Netherlands.

    Netherlands - Event; Action - Global Marijuana Marches, Amsterdam Global Marijuana March > Amsterdam: Netherlands | 500 strong in the first cannabis demonstration since Legalize! * 2011 Global Marijuana March. 2011 GMM. May 8, 2010 GMM. Cannabis Bevrijdingsdag. 8 Mei 2009 Global Marijuana March. 2008 GMM. 2008 GMM. Grass-A-Matazz. November 21, 2006. [1]. www.youtube.com/watch?v=xvFdizTAUIw, www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfUPVWBnDq8&feature=related, www.redorbit.com/news/health/1686045/protesters_gather_in_amsterdam_to_push_for_marijuana_legalization/ * contact - Jacqueline Woerlee, JackieWoerlee at gmail.com -or- + 31 613 979 321 -or- Joep Oomen, Joep at encod.org -or- http://www.cannabisbevrijdingsdag.org/ -or- http://voc-nederland.org>voc-nederland.org * Netherlands. Cannabis-related links. Facebook: Nessuna condanna, per una canna. cannabis bevrijdingsdag (Cannabis Liberation Day). cannabis tribunaal, vereniging voor opheffing cannabisverbod, vereniging voor cannabis consumenten (vvcc), legalize, cannabis college, cupwinners.nl, Hash marihuana and hemp museum. lll legalize.net/allphotos.php - photos for many Amsterdam events. City info; Google Maps, Google images, Wikipedia, Wikitravel, WeBeHigh.com: Amsterdam. Amsterdam coffeeshop directory Great guide to all the coffeeshops. * visit - http://cannabis.wikia.com/wiki/Amsterdam,_Netherlands

    Netherlands - Event; Action - Global Marijuana Marches, Enschede Global Marijuana March > Enschede: Netherlands | We are a cannabis club/cooperation with 3489 registered members we will protest at the border netherlands/germany location: Enschede border crossing Glanerbrug-Gronau. We are going hand out de Dutch and German legalize manifest to all passing vehicles and persons. MMM date: 6 may 2000 14.00 cet. Please add us to the list of marching cities on the world. green greetings from Enschede the Netherlands. 40 people came to the event according to the event numbers listed here: http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/y/links.htm and http://corporatism.tripod.com/links.htm Links: http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.introweb.nl/~cannabis 2000 Edit Link: http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.introweb.nl/~cannabis Link: http://www.worldcamp.org/mmm1_401.htm * Contact: Henk van bommel, Organisation: vereniging van enschedese cannabisconsumenten, Email: cannabisinfo.v.e.c(at)introweb.nl, URL: http://www.introweb.nl/~cannabis * * visit - http://cannabis.wikia.com/wiki/Enschede,_Netherlands

    Netherlands - Event; Action - Global Marijuana Marches, Rotterdam Global Marijuana March > Rotterdam: Netherlands | On Saturday the 7th of May, in 184 cities, a global action day against Cannabis repression took place. A photo impression from Rotterdam. Links Edit Link: http://home.tiscali.nl/helpdehennep/Global_Mariuana_March.html Link: http://www.helpdehennep.tk The manifestation that took place on the new location didn't attract any visitors, but it was a good experience for further manifestations. The changed location was 15 minutes traveling time from the Rotterdam Central Station. It was situated at a 900 m2 raided ex-hemp plantation that was recently squatted. http://www.drugsense.org/wodclock.htm 2006 Edit Images: http://www.krakendrotterdam.org/images/HdH/MMM_Rotterdam_nl_2006.html 2005 Edit Link: http://home.tiscali.nl/helpdehennep/Global_Mariuana_March.html Poster: http://gallery.marihemp.com/mmm2005flyers/flyer_happening5 * contact - Martijn le Noble,l m.lenoble1 at chello.nl, Help de Hennep!, www.helpdehennep.tk * * visit - http://cannabis.wikia.com/wiki/Rotterdam,_Netherlands

    Netherlands - Event; Action - Global Marijuana Marches, The Hague Global Marijuana March > The Hague: Netherlands | 3 hr protest event on may 3 at the dutch parliament building in the hague. we'll have some music, some speeches and our most known poet mr simon vinkenoog and about 3000 balloons with ganja seeds attached. This is in The Hague, at Binnenhof! * contact- * Info below is from this 2004 GMM-MMM city list: http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/y/mmm2004.htm and http://corporatism.tripod.com/mmm2004.htm The Hague: Ferry, StichtingLegalize, Postbus 59723; 1040LE Amsterdam, The Netherlands. opa"at"legalize.net or info"at"legalize.net ~ http://www.legalize.net Email for phone. Links Edit Link: http://www.legalize.net * visit - http://cannabis.wikia.com/wiki/The_Hague,_Netherlands

    Netherlands - Event; Action - Global Marijuana Marches, Utrecht Global Marijuana March > Utrecht: Netherlands | The Highlife Hemp Fair 2000, May 5th through May 7th. Highlife expects over a hundred exhibitors who are active in different branches of the hemp -industry, in UTRECHT (the Netherlands) at 'de Vechtsebanen, Mississippidreef 151/161, from 11.00 till 19.00. Web: http://www.highlife.nl * contact- Link: http://www.highlife.nl * 2009, 2000 - Link: www.worldcamp.org/mmm1_401.htm * visit - http://cannabis.wikia.com/wiki/Utrecht,_Netherlands


Events - Marches Marches | Demonstrations, Rallies and similar Action Items any situation where activists are trying to educate or draw attention to - yet another - victim and people are congregating ... like the Million Marijuana Marches ... will be listed here as we find out about them.

Events - HempFests HempFests | Street Fairs, Festivals and Farmers Markets - Music, Food and Stuff for Sale or Barter - any opportunity for activists to booth, people to gather and businesses to vend ... like any local versions of the Seattle Hempfest ... will be listed here as we find out about them.

Organizations and other Resources Other Types? Will be listed here.  As we get the info. Know about one yourself? Got an Idea? Post it on the Bulletin Board, below.

  BIZ, and related Commercial Resources  

Netherlands - Business; Potlocator Potlocator Helps You Find > Dispensaries, Collectives, Doctors, Delivery Services, Smoke Shops, Hydroponic Stores, Attorneys and More! Enter "Netherlands" in box, and click SEARCH NOW: you want All Sections. You should see several Results >> visit - www.potlocator.com/search-results

Netherlands - Business; Weedmaps.com Weedmaps.com is a community where medical marijuana patients connect with other patients in their geographic region to freely discuss and review local cannabis co-operatives, dispensaries, medical doctors and delivery services! Dispensaries and Doctors can list their services for FREE. Patients can register for FREE. Customer Service: 949-379-7642 WeedMaps.com > Dispensaries > Netherlands > Amsterdam >> >> visit - weedmaps.com/dispensaries/in/amsterdam/amsterdam

Netherlands - Business; xxx Amsterdam, Netherlands Marijuana Prices, Laws, Buying ... | Amsterdam, Netherlands Marijuana Weed Prices & Marijuana Weed Informations. ... Medical marijuana and Cannabis Oil,OG Kush ,Sour Diesel, ... >> visit - www.marijuanatravels.com/cities/nld/amsterdam

Netherlands - Business; xxx Buy Cannabis Online, Order Weed from Amsterdam, Medical ... dutchfreedom.com ... marihuana, marijuana, joints, weed, hash, pot, marihuana, marijuana Holland !!! cannabis, mailorder holland netherlands smoke flowers ... , Medical Marijuana. >> visit - http://dutchfreedom.com/

Netherlands - Business; Tips on buying marijuana seeds safely online Tips on buying marijuana seeds safely online | Where to Buy > How to safely buy quality marijuana seeds online. Offering tips and suggestions for ordering cannabis seeds safely online. Tips to buying marijuana seeds online could ... Purchasing Cannabis Seeds is not allowed in all Countries, please check your laws before proceeding. These tips will help you, and more importantly, they could keep you safe. I don't suffer from paranoia, I just have acute awareness with my higher level of consciousness. Buying marijuana and cannabis seeds online does have some risks, we hope our Safety Tips can help you minimize these risks. There are ways that you can help protect your privacy and still safely order your quality products. We have listed some of the most common concerns and pitfalls of ordering marijuana seeds online. We offer quality resources to make your safety, selection, ordering, & discreet delivery a reality. There are a bunch of sites out there offering marijuana seeds, be sure to use one that actually delivers quality cannabis seeds without excuses for taking your cash. >> visit - www.weedsthatplease.com/tipstobuyingonline.htm

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Welcome to cannabisdelight.com - Smokersdelight, the best portal for smoking growing and eating marijuana, cannabis | Are you interested in growing Marijuana? Then take a look here! We have all information about growing marijuana plants, and sell all kinds of high quality dutch cannabis & marijuana seeds, and ship them worldwide for free! We have indoor seeds, outdoor Marijuana seeds, in all price categories with all kinds of information. Interested in the process of growing marijuana? Then you'll surely appriciate our Growing Guide. So take a look and now how to start after having bought your own seeds. All seeds packages contain 10 seeds, prices include tax, shipping and handling costs. We send everything by priority mail. They are packed in normal cd enveloppes, without any indication of the contents. All payments are handled through HTTPS Secured servers so safety is garantueed! >> Visit: http://www.cannabisdelight.com/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local DISCLAIMER | Please be aware that the cultivation of Marijuana is a Criminal Offence in many jurisdictions around the world. In fact the importation of marijuana seeds is also illegal in some countries around the world. It is an offence under the Mis-use of Drugs Act 1974 to Cultivate any plant of the Genus Cannabis within the UK. We only sell marijuana Seeds as souvenirs. We therefore can give no guarantees regarding germination. We will send Marijuana, Cannabis Seeds to any country around the world. HOWEVER please note that YOU importing these seeds may be a CRIMINAL OFFENCE for which the punishment may well be far in excess of the actual crime. Marijuana-Seeds.nl do not encourage anyone to act in contravention of the LAW in their jurisdiction and expect customers to check their local laws and to act in accordance with them. If seeds are ordered outside the eu and do not arrive due to customs regulations we cannot re send. Marijuana-Seeds.nl specifically deny any product or company liability, we again stress that our marijuana seeds are sold for novelty purposes only. You must be 18 years old! Check your own laws! ... Visit: http://www.marijuana-seeds.nl/


Marijuana Seeds: Cannabis Seeds, Medicinal Use, and more Marijuana Seeds (Horticulture, Cannabis {medical} ) | - The finest quality marijuana seeds available direct from Holland. Our Marijuana seeds ( Cannabis Seeds ) are hand checked so you get the best; We stock the most popular varieties of marijuana seeds e.g. White Widow and Northern Lights; We ship seeds worldwide, discreetly packaged in crush proof envelopes; Seeds are batch tested in Holland & have 90% plus germination rate if germinated correctly; We stock the most awarded marijuana strains such as Cannabis Cup & High Times Cup winners. Almost every variety we stock has won awards! We stock an excellent range of feminized marijuana seeds * to Contact: Visit >> Marijuana-Seeds.nl


Sensi Seeds: Cannabis Seeds, Medicinal Use, Sensi Merchandise, Hemp and more Sensi Seeds (Horticulture, Cannabis {medical} ) | Sensi Seeds, where you can discover the stories behind many different facets of this legendary seed company, from its beginnings as one man’s passion and a small collection of very special seeds to the impact that the Sensi gene bank has had on medicinal marijuana and the culture of cannabis in the Netherlands and beyond. The locations and more information about Sensi Seeds shops can be found in the Shop Locations section. Medicinal users and anyone interested in the medicinal properties of marijuana will find useful and relevant advice and background information in the Medicinal Cannabis section. Cannabis Seeds, Medicinal Use, Sensi Merchandise, Hemp and more * Contact: Sensi Seeds B.V. - P.O. BOX 10952, 1001 EZ Amsterdam, Netherlands * Tel: +31 (0)20 626 29 88 * Fax: +31 (0)20 428 41 10 * or Visit >> SensiSeeds.com


Weed Seed Shop offers regular, feminized and autoflowering cannabis seeds, free shipping and secure payment Weed Seed Shop (Horticulture, Cannabis {medical} ) | Weed Seed Shop offers regular, feminized and autoflowering cannabis seeds, free shipping and secure payment. The Weed Seed Shop collection contains the most cheap cannabis seeds available online. Only with us you can buy 5 feminized cannabis seeds for less than €15! A selection of the most affordable cannabis seeds on the internet * Contact: WSS BV - P.O. box 10952, 1001 EZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands * or Visit >> WeedSeedShop.com


Buy Dutch Marijuana Seeds Buy Dutch Seeds (Horticulture, Cannabis {medical} ) | High Quality Dutch Cannabis Seeds (Marijuana Seeds) delivered stealth packaged World-wide | High Dutch Cannabis Marijuana seeds from the worlds best seed supplier. Superior quality cannabis seeds from Amsterdam. High germination success, hundreds of different varieties from only the best breeders. Top smoking marijuana for our customers is the highest priority! They´ll help you personally to succeed. Note, WARNING - check your countrys laws, some will intercept the package and charge you with a crime.

Buy Dutch Marijuana Seeds They offer you the biggest list of seeds directly from top Dutch Cannabis breeders. Over 30 cannabis strains. Lots of Cannabis Cup winners like White Widow, Durban Poison and Northern Lights. They provide marijuana seeds for every need: Indoor, Outdoor, feminized, and medical. Discretion and SAFE shopping is guaranteed, SSL Secured. Discrete delivery worldwide! All seed-packages contain 10 seeds, they ship all seeds by Priority mail in plain packaging crush proof sealed envelops with no indication to the contents. * Contact: Postbus 938, 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands * or ... Visit: https://www.buydutchseeds.com/


Russia - Resource, Org; local Cannabis Books Co UK (BIZ) * Online Cannabis Books on Growing Medical ... Supplier UK EveryOneDoesIt.Com Online Books on Medical Cannabis Growing Books Recipes Magazines ... From the early beginnings of our first shop, customers have always praised our selection, prices, and flair for the imaginative. Ten years ago, our first retail shop opened up, specialising in smoking paraphernalia, piercing jewellery and giftware. The shop still stands in St. Albans although we've moved through four different locations since then, including an outlet in London's busy Leicester Square. Visit: http://www.everyonedoesit.co.uk/


Russia - Resources, Information Oaksterdam University | Oaksterdam is recognized around the world as a symbol of the over-the-counter cannabis culture that emerged here and has gained acceptance in communities throughout the state. Quality training for the 420 industry. Classes enrolling now.   ...   Visit - http://www.oaksterdam.com/.


Businesses and other Commercial Resources Others? Will be listed here.  As we get the info. Know about one yourself? Post it on the Bulletin Board, below.

  NEWs and related Resources  

The Medical Cannabis and Netherlands - News Feeds > Netherlands - News Feed, Powered by MAP.  Click here to build yours!< Click here to build yours!

  Medical Cannabis NEWs Feed  

  Drug War in Netherlands in general NEWs Feed  

See more at The Media Awareness Project > Drugnews Archive ... visit - http://www.mapinc.org/find?GAC=e-ne&LABEL=Netherlands&YY1=1998&DE=Medium

Netherlands - News; Maastricht, Dutch City, Cracks Down On Coffee Shops Selling Marijuana To Tourists Huffington Post - Maastricht, Dutch City, Cracks Down On Coffee Shops Selling Marijuana To Tourists | Authorities in the Dutch drug tourism hub of Maastricht are striking back after cannabis cafes staged an open revolt by selling marijuana to foreigners in defiance of a controversial ban. The battle has been fought on the streets, in the courtroom and in the media as authorities struggle to enforce a law aimed at ridding the streets of stoned tourists, with foreigners previously accounting for two-thirds of the coffee shops' clientele. Coffee shops in Maastricht, a Roman city of 120,000 conveniently wedged between the borders of Belgium and Germany, were emboldened following a court ruling on April 25 that city authorities should not have ordered the closure of one of its best-known hangouts for getting high. The Easy Going was ordered shut last year after it was caught selling to tourists. Members of the Maastricht Coffee Shop Association (VOCM) comprising 13 of the city's 14 coffee shops resumed selling to tourists in May. But police raids, seizures, closure orders and prosecutions followed, and after the latest police bust at four coffee shops last weekend, all 13 VOCM member have now shut up shop. At the root of the chaos is a controversial law introduced in May 2012 requiring coffee shops to cater only for Dutch residents in the hope of addressing the downsides of drug tourism -- traffic jams, street dealing and rowdy late-night partying. >> visit - www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/06/05/netherlands-marijuana-coffee-shops-crackdown_n_3390075.html

Netherlands - News; Amsterdam for tourists: What's legal? Amsterdam for tourists: What's legal? | (CNN) -- You may have noticed an interesting reaction when you tell people you're traveling to Amsterdam. They sometimes get that curious look, that knowing half-smile on their faces. "Amsterdam," they say with a mischievous grin, "lucky you!" Are they thinking about Van Gogh and Rembrandt, about the fabulous museums, the flowing canals, the teeming bicycle paths, the gorgeous tulips -- or is it something else? To many, Amsterdam is synonymous with freedom. With the ability to do what is forbidden in other places.

Undoubtedly, millions travel to the Netherlands to see the just re-opened Rijksmuseum and its famous "Night Watch" painting, along with many other attractions of this truly charming city. But, let's face it, Amsterdam conjures another fascination. Decades before anyone else considered legalizing marijuana, prostitution or gay marriage, the Dutch stood -- as they still do today -- at the forefront of change on many controversial social issues, legalizing or tolerating a range of activities that other countries placed squarely outside what they consider legally and socially acceptable. Still, there are great misconceptions about what is and is not legal here. The picture of a hedonistic free-for-all is not altogether accurate.

The Dutch are a people of rules and laws. Although they also have an interesting approach to certain issues, where the law says one thing and the official policy is to look the other way. You may be surprised to learn that recreational drugs are illegal in the Netherlands. Yes, even pot. But an official policy of tolerance emerged and in 1976 the Dutch parliament decriminalized possession of less than 5 grams of cannabis.

Things got a little complicated in 2008, when the Netherlands, as other countries, imposed restrictions on smoking in public places. A great battle ensued as coffee shop owners complained the ban would put them out of business. Dutch compromising ensued. So, today, you cannot smoke in most public establishments, but you can still smoke marijuana in a coffee shop. Hashish is also in a gray area, up to each municipality to decide. But, as coffee shop owners admit, it's not the Dutch who are lighting up. Ninety percent of the customers getting buzzed in Amsterdam are foreigners. Amsterdam authorities complained the plan would take a huge financial toll, as millions of visitors every year inhale the offerings of coffee shop menus. So, to recap: No cigarette smoking in public; yes to pot in small quantities, but not in Maastricht, and mushrooms are OK in very small quantities. >> visit - www.cnn.com/2013/07/17/travel/amsterdam-travel-legal-parameters/index.html

Netherlands - News; Haze clears over Dutch cannabis law; Smoking pot in the Netherlands is now a city-by-city choice for tourists Haze clears over Dutch cannabis law; Smoking pot in the Netherlands is now a city-by-city choice for tourists. | MAASTRICHT, Netherlands — Club 69 has seen better days. On a wet winter afternoon, the place was empty. The palm-tree murals went un-admired, the elaborate smoke-extraction system was turned off and the tupperware containers of cannabis sat unsmoked on the shelves. Owner Henk Peelen says his "coffee shop" — the Dutch term for a cannabis cafe — has fallen victim to laws that came into force last year to stop foreigners from taking advantage of the Netherlands' tolerant approach to soft drugs. "Because of the ban on customers who came from abroad, I had to sack all my staff, 11 people," he said. About half of Maastricht's 14 coffee shops have shut down since May, when the new rules took effect. Others have seen a radical decline in customers and Peelen says almost 400 people have lost their job across this southern city. "It's costing the city a lot of money," he complains. Amsterdam is a two-hour drive north of Maastricht. In the heart of the capital's red-light district, the scene in its best-known coffee shop could hardly be a bigger contrast. The cheerful, international crowd spilling out of the canal-side Bulldog is an illustration of the complexity of Dutch drug laws. >> visit - www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/europe/benelux/130110/netherlands-amsterdam-cannabis-law-coffee-shops-marijuana

Netherlands - News; xxx The Daily Smoker › 420 Info › Various › Amsterdam › Drug Policy >> Is cannabis legal in The Netherlands? | Let’s first get the biggest mistake made immediately straight: Lots of people think cannabis is legal within The Netherlands. Well, it’s really not… In The Netherlands the substances which are commonly seen as ‘illegal drugs’ are divided by law into 2 groups: harddrugs (List I) and softdrugs (List II). Cannabis is seen as a softdrug. Within the Netherlands there is no active prosecution against the individual users of softdrugs, but the substances itself maintain illegal. The Dutch created for this their own official ‘Policy of Tolerance’ (in Dutch: ‘Gedoogbeleid’). The government formulates it way more difficult, but in streetterms you can just explain it as an official ‘closing of the eyes’. This Policy of Tolerance does have its limits: - It's not allowed to possess more then 5 grams of cannabis in a public area or 30 grams in a private area. - For cultivation you may not exceed the amount of 5 plants. When you exceed these limits the tolerance stops and there will be some legal charges against you, when busted of course. So if you just follow these limits above you won’t have to worry about legal troubles at all. >> visit - www.dailysmoker.com/various/amsterdam/drug-policy/cannabis-legal-netherlands

Netherlands - News; xxx Lessons from the Netherlands for Marijuana Legalization in the US | AMSTERDAM (July 19, 2013) — The US states of Colorado and Washington voted last year to legalize marijuana and are moving forward toward implementing legalization. Activists in several states are lining up to try to do the same next year, and an even bigger push will happen in 2016. With public opinion polls now consistently showing support for pot legalization at or above 50%, it appears that nearly a century of marijuana prohibition in the US is coming to an end. Exactly how it comes to an end and what will replace it are increasingly important questions as we move from dreaming of legalization to actually making it happen. The Netherlands, which for decades now has allowed open marijuana consumption and sales at its famous coffee shops, provides some salutary lessons — if reformers, state officials, and politicians are willing to heed them. To be clear, the Dutch have not legalized marijuana. The marijuana laws remain on the books, but are essentially overridden by the Dutch policy of “pragmatic tolerance,” at least as far as possession and regulated sales are concerned. Cultivation is a different matter, and that has proven the Achilles Heel of Dutch pot policy. Holland’s failure to allow for a system of legal supply for the coffee shops leaves shop owners to deal with illegal marijuana suppliers — the “backdoor problem” — and leaves the system open to charges it is facilitating criminality by buying product from criminal syndicates. >> visit - www.thedailychronic.net/2013/24657/lessons-from-the-netherlands-for-marijuana-legalization-in-the-us/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Dutch Police Add Pot-Sniffing Helicopter to Drug War Arsenal by Warren Riddle (RSS feed) — May 5th 2009 | In the Netherlands, the sale of marijuana is legal, albeit restricted, but the nation is still engaged in a cannabis drug war. According to Dvice, 90-percent of the marijuana grown on local Dutch farms is sold illegally through smugglers and foreign drug traffickers. To help combat the unsanctioned reefer madness, Dutch police have added a new unmanned helicopter, dubbed the 'Canna Chopper,' which detects hidden grow areas using odor-detecting instruments and video cameras. On its inaugural expedition, the chopper identified an illicit field and alerted backup humans, who then arrested seven farmers and confiscated several kilos (1 kilo = 2.2 lbs) of the odorous herb. (Did the copter get a "Good boy!" or a special treat?) The addition of such choppers to U.S. police forces would seem likely, especially in areas know to host illegal farms. We only hope that developers can adapt the technology to detect human odors, as well, so that similar devices can be used to locate missing backpackers or people lost at sea. [From: Dvice] ... Visit: http://www.switched.com/2009/05/05/dutch-police-add-pot-sniffing-helicopter-to-drug-war-arsenal/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Reward Marijuana Sanity! The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) is beginning the New Year by coordinating the nomination of the Netherlands for a Nobel Prize - January 13th, 2009 By: Allen St. Pierre, NORML Executive Director | The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) is beginning the New Year by coordinating the nomination of the Netherlands for a Nobel Prize for its achievements in minimizing drug use in its citizens, while at the same time restricting imprisonment. With few peers at the international level and despite tremendous pressure from the United States, the Dutch government and its people have proven for more than 30 years that it is more cost effective, humane, and practical to be “smart on drugs” rather than “tough on drugs.”

The following quotes from physician Stephen H. Frye’s book ‘Twenty-five Reasons to Legalize Drugs - We Really Lost This War!’ document the validity and appropriateness of this nomination: “The drug war, not the drugs, kills people. This is now a real war. Although it started out as political rhetoric, it’s become a genuinely deadly conflict…It has caused hundreds of thousands of unnecessary deaths and untold misery, especially to our children, teens, women, and minorities. And like all wars, it’s been hugely expensive and wasteful; to date, it has cost more than a trillion dollars. And this is just in the United States; the international devastation is incomprehensible. Furthermore, like many wars, it’s based on lies.

“The few deaths that are caused by the drugs are due to impurities, dosages that are not standardized, and reluctance to call 911 when someone overdoses out of fear of being arrested. Replacing prohibition with sensible health-oriented alternatives, including legalizing currently illicit drugs, can eliminate these drug-related deaths. “The Dutch should be recognized for their remarkable human rights achievement of regulating and decriminalizing drugs and equally important, offering comprehensive treatment to its affected citizens. The number of lives they have saved, as well as assaults, robberies, rapes, child abuse, and other prohibition-related criminal activities that they’ve prevented, is a major humanitarian and public health accomplishment. Their success in minimizing the catastrophic effects of the War on Drugs cannot be overstated. For example, the U.S. has six times as many people in prisons as the Netherlands per capita, and still we have four times their murder rate. Compared to ours, the Dutch prison population is negligible and they actually provide education and rehabilitation for their inmates. Furthermore, their incidence of AIDS and hepatitis is a fraction of ours.

“Taken together, these groundbreaking medical, human rights and humanitarian accomplishments are of unprecedented magnitude. They not only serve as an inspiration to the rest of the world, they also demand emulation. Because of this, it is recommended that Louk Hulsman, Professor Emeritus of Criminal Law at the University of Rotterdam, who was originally responsible for crafting the forward-thinking drug policy in the Netherlands and the Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports, who administer their very successful current drug policies, be nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize.”

The world owes a great debt of gratitude to them, along with many thousands of activists, academics, and religious and business leaders, for demonstrating that a scientifically-crafted harm reduction drug policy based on researched public health models, not an unyielding prohibition, prison oriented model, results in a healthier, safer, and less imprisoned population—that also uses fewer drugs. ... Visit: http://blog.norml.org/2009/01/13/reward-marijuana-sanity-netherlands-for-nobel-peace-prize/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Understanding the Netherlands' marijuana policy - By Jeffrey Stinson, USA TODAY - Posted 6/27/2008 | Cannabis is technically an illegal substance in the Netherlands, although you won't get arrested for buying or smoking it in a coffee shop. The Dutch have adopted a policy of "gedogen," or blind eye, to its sale and use since 1976. The government distinguished between so-called "soft" cannabis drugs and "hard" drugs such as heroin or cocaine. That's when coffee houses sprang up to sell and let people smoke. MAIN STORY: Tobacco ban wafts into Amsterdam's pot shops In 1996, the Dutch government began to crack down on cannabis cafes. It now licenses them, bans them advertising their product, prohibits sales to anyone under 18, and limits sales and possession to 5 grams a day per person. Before, people could possess up to 30 grams. Since then, the number of shops in the country has fallen by about half -- to 720 in the country. Last year, shops were forced to choose between serving alcohol and cannabis. Most chose cannabis. The sales aren't subject to tax. However, owners pay taxes on the income they make from selling it. The government and cannabis advocates say that regulating the sale and use of soft drugs results in less hard-drug addiction. ... Visit: http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2008-06-27-amsterdam-marijuana_N.htm

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Amsterdam News, Coffeeshops: Marijuana Is In, Tobacco Is Out Under Netherlands’ Smoking Ban Amsterdam Tourist Information | June 20 (Bloomberg) — Starting July 1, marijuana will be the only leaf that can be smoked in public places in the Netherlands. Cannabis devotees aren’t celebrating. Local pot smokers, who usually cut joints with tobacco, and owners of the “coffee shops” where they are allowed to light up will have to change their habits when the nation implements the indoor tobacco ban. Puffing a pure marijuana cigarette in public will still be permitted; smoking one with tobacco will merit coffee shop owners a 300-euro ($466) fine for the first offense and 2,400 euros for a fourth.

“Every customer will have to learn how to smoke pure,” said Robert Kempen, co-owner of The NooN and Mellow Yellow in Amsterdam, which sell marijuana and hashish. The rule makes him “sick to death,” he said, rolling himself a joint. Coffee-shop proprietors say the ban will put some of them out of business as smokers stay away. The nation’s 720 outlets that serve marijuana smokers generate a large portion of their revenue from selling drinks, food and rolling papers to their patrons. Dutch sales of cannabis alone totaled 1.2 billion euros ($1.86 billion) in 2001, according to the most recent figures available from the nation’s statistics bureau. ... Visit: http://www.dutchamsterdam.nl/324-amsterdam-coffeeshops-smoking-ban


Russia - Resources US Government Says It Will Stop Interfering with Medical Marijuana | According to this article, US Attorney General Eric Holder has said that states will be allowed to make their own rules about medical marijuana, and that the US federal government will stop raiding medical marijuana dispensaries in California. (See article “Can Marijuana Help Rescue California’s Economy?”at this link) In the 1990s, several US states passed referendums which allowed marijuana to be used legally for medical purposes. In a referendum, the registered voters vote directly on the proposed law, as opposed to the law being passed by the state legislature. Thus, when these states passed these referendums, it meant that the citizens of these states really wanted medical marijuana to be made legal.

However, in a blatant disregard for democracy and the people’s will, under the Bush administration, the national government refused to accept this law, and carried out raids of the medical marijuana dispensaries.   ...   Click > here < for more.

Resources, News - The Media Awareness Project Drugnews Archive The Media Awareness Project Drugnews Archive, Visit - http://www.mapinc.org/find to look up specific items - and - http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/index.htm for the index.

Resources, News - Marijuana (cannabis) News Feed, by NORML NORML News Feed.  Visit - http://norml.org/index.cfm?Group_ID=5858

Resources, News - MarijuanaNews.Com, Freedom has nothing to fear from the truth MarijuanaNews.Com, Freedom has nothing to fear from the truth ... Medical Marijuana Co-operative Writes About Value Of Cannabis For MS Patients. Photo-ID Cards For Washington State Medical ... Visit: www.marijuananews.com/medical_cannabis.htm

Resources, News - The American Alliance For Medical Cannabis (AAMC) The American Alliance For Medical Cannabis (AAMC) | Dedicated to bringing patients, caregivers and volunteers the facts they need to make informed decisions about whether Cannabis is the right medicine for them, the laws surrounding Medicinal Marijuana in your area, political activism and even handy recipes and guides to growing your own nontoxic medicine. visit: http://www.letfreedomgrow.com/news-t21.htm

Resources, News - Cannabis Times,  Alternative News Service for Cannabis and Hemp Cannabis Times. Alternative News Service for Cannabis and Hemp ... Montana Woman on Hunger Strike for Medical Cannabis. Visit Robin's Site * E-Mail the ... The science of medical cannabis continued its climb in estimation of medical professionals and ... visit: www.cannabistimes.com

Resources, News - Common Sense for Drug Policy: Medical Marijuana Facts & News. Common Sense for Drug Policy: Medical Marijuana Facts & News. Tuesday, July 12, 2005. Search using CSDP's own search tool or use. WWW Common Sense. More CSDP News Pages ... card program for medical marijuana patients. The suspension has ... consequences of issuing medical marijuana ID cards that could affect medical marijuana users, their families ... www.csdp.org/news/news/medmar.htm

Resources, News - cannabisnews.com, by DrugSense cannabisnews.com, by DrugSense | a News feed page. Visit: cannabisnews.com

Resources, News - Stop the Drug War (DRCNet) Stop the Drug War (DRCNet) is an international organization working for an end to drug prohibition worldwide and for interim policy reform in US drug laws and criminal justice system. visit - stopthedrugwar.org/news

  some HISTORY  

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local ASA » Medical Info » History of Medical Cannabis | History of Medical Cannabis > Cannabis was a part of the American pharmacopoeia until 1942 and is currently available by prescription in the Netherlands, Canada, Spain, and Italy in its whole plant form. In 1937, the U.S. passed the first federal law against cannabis, despite the objections of the American Medical Association (AMA). Dr. William C. Woodward, testifying on behalf of the AMA, told Congress that, "The American Medical Association knows of no evidence that marijuana is a dangerous drug" and warned that a prohibition "loses sight of the fact that future investigation may show that there are substantial medical uses for Cannabis." ... Visit: http://www.safeaccessnow.org/section.php?id=175

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Netherlands: Dutch support legalizing marijuana in Netherlands Associated Press, via the Jerusalem Post, USA Apr. 27, 2005 www.jpost.com | AMSTERDAM, Netherlands - Two polls released Wednesday showed strong support in the Netherlands for legalizing marijuana outright after several decades of a tolerance policy. Newspaper Trouw interviewed the mayors of the Netherlands’ 30 largest cities, and two-thirds supported legalization. Meanwhile, Dutch pollster Maurice de Hond found that 49 percent of Dutch support legalization, while an additional 15 percent want tolerance to continue, and just 33 percent want a more restrictive policy. The poll had a margin of error of less than 3 percentage points. Marijuana is technically illegal in the Netherlands, though people aren’t prosecuted for possession of small amounts. It is sold openly in some cafes.

The latest polls follow a call Tuesday by the minister of reform to license more marijuana sellers outside cities to ease problems caused by foreign drug tourists in city centers. Parliament is to debate the issue later Wednesday. In Trouw’s survey, 20 mayors said they wanted so-called soft drugs hashish and marijuana to be legalized. Four supported tougher measures proposed by the conservative government, including restricting the number of licensed sellers and increasing penalties for growers. Six mayors had no opinion or could not be contacted. “Something has to happen, otherwise we’re going to go crazy here,” Jan Mans, mayor of the eastern border city of Venlo, told the paper. Many Germans drive across the border into Venlo to buy hash and marijuana. “Why not do a trial with legalizing soft drugs in the border region? With the results, we can no doubt show Europe that it works,” Mans said. ... Visit: http://www.religionnewsblog.com/11116

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Dutch drug policies do not increase marijuana use, first rigorous comparative study finds - By Jennifer McNulty - May 3, 2004 | In the first rigorous study comparing marijuana use in the Netherlands and the United States, researchers have found no evidence that decriminalization of marijuana leads to increased drug use. The results suggest that drug policies may have less impact on marijuana use than is currently thought. In Amsterdam, coffeeshops can be licensed to sell hashish and marijuana in small quantities for personal consumption by adults. Photo by Janice Tetlow The findings appear in the May issue of the American Journal of Public Health. Craig Reinarman, professor of sociology at UCSC, coauthored the article, “The Limited Relevance of Drug Policy: Cannabis in Amsterdam and in San Francisco,” with Peter D. A. Cohen, director of the Centre for Drug Research (CEDRO) at the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands, and Hendrien L. Kaal, now an instructor at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. The study compared the cannabis (marijuana and hashish) habits of users in Amsterdam and San Francisco to test the premise that punishment for cannabis use deters use and thereby benefits public health. ... Visit: http://www.ucsc.edu/currents/03-04/05-03/drug_study.html

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Home > News Archive > 2003 > New Dutch Regulations To License Prescription Pot Growers, Will Allow Pharmacies To Stock Medical Cannabis - February 6, 2003 | The Hague, the Netherlands: Pending changes in Dutch law will allow federal health officials to license medicinal marijuana cultivators, and permit pharmacies to provide prescription-grade cannabis for medical use. The new regulations, which were first announced last April, are expected to be enacted by March 17, 2003, according to a spokesman from the Dutch Ministry of Health.

Licensing will be overseen by the Netherlands’ Office of Medicinal Cannabis (BMC) of the Health Ministry, which was established in 2000 to study and regulate the use of medical marijuana. All of the marijuana grown by state-licensed cultivators will be sold to the Office and eventually provided to Dutch pharmacies. Patients who possess a doctor’s prescription to use medicinal cannabis will be able to obtain marijuana at the pharmacies, just as they would any other prescription drug. Once implemented, the Netherlands will be the first nation in the world to regulate and distribute medical cannabis in pharmacies. Similar regulations enacted in Canada 2001 allow for the state to distribute medical marijuana to qualified patients, but to date Health Canada has not allowed any of its harvested cannabis to be available to the public. ... Visit: http://www.norml.org/index.cfm?Group_ID=5549

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local cannabisnews.com: Medical Marijuana Sold in the Netherlands Posted by CN Staff on September 01, 2003 By Anthony Deutsch, Associated Press Writer | Amsterdam, Netherlands -- Marijuana went on sale Monday at Dutch pharmacies to help bring relief to thousands of patients suffering from cancer, AIDS or multiple sclerosis. Around 7,000 patients will be eligible for prescription marijuana, sold in containers of .16 ounces at most pharmacies. Labeled "Cannabis" and tested by the Ministry of Health, the drug will be covered by health insurance for the first time under a new law that went into effect in March. Canada, Germany and Australia already allow restricted use of medicinal marijuana or its active chemical, but the Dutch go a step further by providing the drug and regulating its quality. In the United States, 14 states allow medicinal use despite a federal ban on the drug.

Dutch patients will be recommended not to smoke the plant, but to use vaporizers or make marijuana tea. It will be prescribed to those suffering from nausea or pain associated with cancer, Tourette's syndrome, AIDS or multiple sclerosis. Two varieties will offer a lower or higher content of Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the active chemical in marijuana. It will cost $48 for the milder variant, with a THC content of 15 percent, and $60 for an 18 percent version. ... Visit: http://cannabisnews.com/news/17/thread17201.shtml

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Netherlands Legalizes Medical Marijuana - By Kevin Nelson, AlterNet. Posted March 24, 2003. | This week, the Netherlands legalizes medical marijuana for distribution in pharmacies; Maryland legislature votes to fine medical marijuana users rather than jailing them; Afghanistan warns it may slip back into the heroin producing capital of the world; and Peruvian coca farming increases with cutbacks in Colombian coca production.

March 17 -- Associated Press reports: Pharmacies may fill prescriptions for marijuana and patients can get the cost covered by insurance, according to a law that went into effect Monday. Doctors in the famously liberal Netherlands have long recommended marijuana to cancer patients as an appetite enhancer and to combat pain and nausea. But it is usually bought at one of the country's 800 "coffee shops," where the plant is sold openly while police look the other way. "The health minister said, look, doctors are prescribing marijuana to their patients anyway, and there are many medicinal users, so we may as well regulate it," said Bas Kuik, a spokesman for the Dutch Ministry of Health.

The Dutch government's stance is in stark contrast to U.S. federal law, which says growers of marijuana for medicinal purposes face the same prison terms that recreational growers do. Recent studies show a fractional increase in the number of people in the Netherlands who say they have tried marijuana, while overall use levels remain well below those in the United States, despite its widespread availability here.

March 19 -- The Baltimore Sun reports: The Maryland House of Delegates approved a bill yesterday that would lessen the penalty for sick people found with marijuana if they can prove they possessed it for medical reasons. In a 73-62 vote, the House passed what is called a "defense bill." The measure doesn't make marijuana legal for those who say they need it, but it allows a judge to impose just a $100 fine if it is shown the drug is a medical necessity. ... Visit: http://www.alternet.org/drugreporter/15459/netherlands_legalizes_medical_marijuana/

Netherlands - Resource, Org; local Home > News Archive > 1999 > Dutch Marijuana Use Half That Of America, Study Reveals - January 7, 1999 | Amsterdam, Netherlands -- Americans consume marijuana at rates more than double those of their Dutch counterparts, according to a study published Tuesday by the Center for Drug Research (CEDRO) of the University of Amsterdam. "These findings illustrate that criminalizing marijuana does little, if anything, to discourage use," said Allen St. Pierre, executive director of The NORML Foundation. He noted that Dutch law allows citizens over 18 to buy and consume marijuana in government-regulated coffeeshops. The study found that 15.6 percent of Dutch persons aged 12 and over had tried marijuana. Of these, 4.5 percent reported using marijuana in the past year, and 2.5 percent said they used the drug during the past month. By contrast, 32.9 percent of Americans admit trying marijuana, and nine percent report using the drug in the past year. Slightly more than five percent of Americans say they use the drug monthly.

The study's authors concluded that "a repressive [marijuana] policy as in the U.S. does not necessarily result in less drug use. The availability of drugs is no determining factor for levels of drug use in a country." The study, financed by the health ministry and conducted by Amsterdam University and the Central Bureau of Statistics, is the first to document national marijuana use rates. Data previously compiled by the Dutch National Institute of Health and Addiction (NIHA) determined that Dutch adolescents use marijuana at significantly lower rates than Americans. The agency reported that 21 percent of Dutch adolescents admit trying the drug compared to 45 percent of American high school seniors. ... Visit: http://norml.org/index.cfm?Group_ID=3925

Netherlands - Resources, Information Erowid Cannabis Vault : Medical #3 The History of the Medical Use of Marijauna ... In Nepal, it is distributed on certain feast days at the temples of all Shiva ... Cannabis is used in Hindu and Sikh temples and at Mohammedan shrines. Besides using the drug as an aid to meditation, it is also used to overcome hunger and thirst by the religious mendicants. In Nepal, it is distributed on certain feast days at the temples of all Shiva followers (Blum & Associates, 1969, 11: 63).   >>   Visit - http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_medical_info3.shtml.


Medical Cannabis, History - Letter: Medical Marijuana Informational Guide on Medical Cannabis | If you have ever heard of the song, “Lets Go Get Stoned,” as sung by Ray Charles or Joe Cocker, you know the lyrics were referring to getting high or using cannabis aka marijuana. This mind altering drug goes by other names as well; names such as weed, pot, joint, blunt, hash and mary jane are quite common among users. Cannabis is a plant that contains a chemical called cannabinoids or cannabinolidic acids. Another substance that is found in cannabis is THC, or Tetrahydrocannabinol, which gives the users that “high” sensation. When speaking of marijuana, the actual substance used in creating the high feeling comes from the leaves and flowering tops of the cannabis plant. Marijuana is considered to be a schedule 1 controlled substance today, because of the THC, which can be highly potent, depending upon the concentration factor of the THC. Visit > http://www.worldmedassist.com/informational-guide-on-medical-cannabis/ < for more.

Medical Cannabis History - REEFER MADNESS BOOKS THE REEFER MADNESS ERA, REEFER MADNESS BOOKS (Info, History) By definition, it would be a contradiction in terms to list or classify a Reefer Madness book as a work of "Non-Fiction." Thus both genres are group together here simply as "Hard Cover" books; if only to distinguish them from the "Pulp Fiction" or "Dime Store novels" discussed elsewhere. However where appropriate the terms [Fiction] and [Non-Fiction] are used. Please take note - This Index consists solely of those books that the museum has been able to locate and is in no way shape or form complete. It should be thought of only as a starting point. Visit: http://www.reefermadnessmuseum.org/

Medical Cannabis History - Pharmacutical Museum Cannabis medical manufacturer Pharmacutical Museum Cannabis medical manufacturer | [Made post-1937 medical Cannabis products]. Burrough Brothers Mfg Co. - 123 Market Place, Baltimore, ... Korn Pop Remedy Co. in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... visit - www.conquestdesign.com/uncler/MfgIndex.htm

Medical Cannabis History - Cannabis Quack Medicines Cannabis Quack Medicines | ... contained it as an ingredient, Medical Cannabis was as common as aspirin is ... the Hazeltine Corp., of Warren Pennsylvania, was founded in 1869, and soon ... visit - antiquecannabisbook.com/chap15/Quack.htm

Medical Cannabis History  - Marijuana (cannabis) News Archive, by NORML NORML News Archive.  Visit - http://norml.org/index.cfm?Group_ID=3442

Medical Cannabis History  - Dr Tod; California doctor braves political pressure to prescribe marijuana for those in need. Dr Tod | California doctor braves political pressure to prescribe marijuana for those in need. ... German mother in a small Pennsylvania town during the Depression and ... California Cannabis Resear... Click > here < for more.

Medical Cannabis History  - Medical Cannabis and Industrial Hemp Re-legalization Medical Cannabis and Industrial Hemp Re-legalization |... Youth," was, in fact, Cannabis Hemp, the most traded commodity in the world ... visit - www.afgen.com/hemp2.html

  Cannabis as Medicine  

Medical Cannabis - LESSON PLAN:MEDICAL MARIJUANA - LEGITIMATE USE OR LEGALIZED ABUSE? LESSON PLAN:MEDICAL MARIJUANA - LEGITIMATE USE OR LEGALIZED ABUSE? By Lisa Prososki, a former middle school and high school social studies, English, reading and technology teacher. Estimated Time: Approximately 45 minutes/1 class period Lesson Objectives: (1) Students will use cooperative learning activities to discuss opinions about medical marijuana use and see both sides of the issue, (2) Students will use decision making skills and strategies to render their own decision about the U.S. Supreme Court case related to medical marijuana use. Click > here < for more.

Medical Cannabis - Pros & cons on medical marijuana Medical Marijuana Pro/Con * Pros & cons on medical marijuana. Science, risks, policies, & laws. Should marijuana be a medical option? This site presents in a simple, nonpartisan pro-con format, responses to the core question "Should marijuana be a medical option?" Divided questions about the topic into the issues and sub-issues listed below. All individuals and organizations quoted on our site are ranked based upon our unique credibility scale. [Note: Although physicians and attorneys are listed on this site, they do not recommend or refer either.] visit: www.medicalmarijuanaProCon.org

Medical Cannabis - Medical Marijuana News and Facts Medical Cannabis (marijuana) News, Information, Organizations, Links.  Resources and more. visit - http://www.medicalmj.org/

Medical Cannabis - Factbook: Medical Marijuana Factbook: Medical Marijuana

1. Since 1996, twelve states have legalized medical marijuana use: AK, CA, CO, HI, ME, MT, NV, NM, OR, RI, VT, and WA. Eight of the twelve did so through the initiative process. Hawaii's law was enacted by the legislature and signed by the governor in 2000, Vermont's was enacted by the legislature and passed into law without the governor's signature in May 2004, Rhode Island's was passed into law over the governor's veto in January 2006, and New Mexico's legislation was signed into law by Governor Bill Richardson on April 2, 2007.

2. The Institute of Medicine's 1999 report on medical marijuana stated, "The accumulated data indicate a potential therapeutic value for cannabinoid drugs, particularly for symptoms such as pain relief, control of nausea and vomiting, and appetite stimulation." And more. Visit - www.drugwarfacts.org/medicalm.htm

Medical Cannabis - Information, NORML, Medical Use, Introduction NORML / Medical Use / Introduction | Introduction. Select One Send All States Canada Mexico Europe Other Alabama Alaska Am. ... District of Columbia FEDERAL Florida Georgia Guam Oklahoma Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana of individual patients to use medical cannabis under state law, or the ... visit: http://www.norml.org/index.cfm?Group_ID=5441

Medical Cannabis - Information, Medical Marijuana Handbook  Medical Marijuana Handbook | This a draft by Todd. H. Mikuriya MD, a long-time advocate of medical cannabis, respected author and one of the medical staff at the San Francisco Buyers Club. Its patchy, and uncomplete, and acts only as a framework for Dr Todd to store snippets of info on various aspects of medical cannabis. Marijuana as Medicine - A Plea for Reconsideration, is a commentary article written by Lester Grinspoon and James Bakalar, which appeared in the June 21st 1995 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Medical cannabis web resources. Medical Marijuana Handbook This a draft by Todd. H. Mikuriya MD, a long-time advocate of medical cannabis, respected author and one of the medical staff at ... visit: http://www.ukcia.org/medical/webresources.html

Medical Cannabis - Medical Marijuana Info Medical Marijuana Info Online Resource for Medical Marijuana Information. Partners. Events. Legalization. Doctors. Federal Law(s) Lawyers. Medical/Medicinal. AIDS/HIV. History. Magazines ... Ohio Marijuana Party. Montana. Montana NORML ... Visit: www.medicalmarijuanainfo.com

Medical Cannabis - Medical Marijuana - Master Reference Medical Marijuana - Master Reference | Note: This page was prepared for the November, 1996 election. Some of the external links may be out of date. ... Cannabis Research Library - A collection ... visit - www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/medical_mj.htm

Medical Cannabis - Yields and Dosage Cannabis Yields and Dosage | the authoritative study of the science and legalities of calculating medical marijuana. The booklet is available as a PDF by ... visit - www.safeaccessnow.net/yieldsdosage.htm

Info - Medical Marijuana Medical Marijuana ... to Washington's New Medical Marijuana Law" was adopted to ... The Washington State Medical Marijuana Act CHAPTER 69.51A ... list of professional medical associations. Marijuana as medicine ... Visit: http://www.hartbrothers.com/medimari.html

Medical Cannabis - MarijuanaNews.Com, Freedom has nothing to fear from the truth MarijuanaNews.Com, Freedom has nothing to fear from the truth ... Court Decision On Medical Cannabis Expected This Week ... Medical Marijuana Co-operative Writes About Value Of Cannabis For MS Patients. Photo-ID Cards For Washington State Medical ... Visit: www.marijuananews.com/medical_cannabis.htm

Medical Cannabis - CCRMG - California Cannabis Research Medical Group CCRMG - California Cannabis Research Medical Group - WWW.CCRMG.ORG | Autumn 2004. O'Shaughnessy's. Journal of the California Cannabis Research Medical Group ... medical effects of cannabis. It is unl... visit - www.ccrmg.org/journal/04aut/mikuriya.html

Medical Cannabis - Medical Marijuana by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Medical cannabis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A catalog page offering Cannabis sativa extract. Medical cannabis refers to the use of Cannabis as a physician recommended herbal th... visit: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_marijuana

Medical Cannabis - Accepted Medical Use of Cannabis: Medical Professionals Accepted Medical Use of Cannabis: Medical Professionals by DrugScience.org. | Cannabis's accepted medical use in the United States is increasingly recognized by health care professionals and the medical community. visit: www.drugscience.org/amu/amu_medprof.htm

Medical Cannabis - Proven : Cannabis is Safe Medicine Proven : Cannabis is Safe Medicine by Ian Williams Goddard | In reaction to medical cannabis access referendums on the ballots in Arizona and California, former presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and George Bush signed a letter stating that they "categorically oppose'' access to cannabis for its many proven therapeutic uses such as the prevention of blindness and epileptic seizures. Their chief concern was that legal medical access would send the message that cannabis is safe. The presidents can, however, lay their safety concerns to rest because the scientific literature overwhelmingly confirms that cannabis is both an effective and safe medicine. The Cannabis Safety Profile. The journal PHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEWS reports that decades of research prove that, "Compared with legal drugs...marijuana does not pose greater risks." Yet based upon mortality statistics, we can safely conclude that cannabis is one of the safest medical drugs known, for, while prescription drugs, defined as safe by the FDA, kill up to 27,000 and aspirin up to 1,000 Americans per year, cannabis kills 0 per year. Click here for more.

Medical Cannabis - Medicinal Cannabis Cannabis Facts Medicinal Cannabis Cannabis Facts, Cannabis Law, Hemp, Peyote Info, Salvia Divinorum Info   ... therapeutic uses for medical cannabis has been entertained in ... 1990's, medical cannabis ballot initiatives have received a majority of votes in Arizona, Arizona, California, Colorado ... visit: http://www.cannabis-growing.com/medicinal-cannabis.htm.

Russia - Information Medical Cannabis Strains - Geoffrey Guy, MD (GW Pharmaceuticals, U.K) | Founder and President of G.W. Pharmaceuticals in Russia, Dr. Geoffrey Guy's observations about the mammalian Cannabinoid system (with more receptors throughout the body than any other system) are presented to the Second Clinical Conference on Cannabis Therapeutics, held in Portland, OR in May, 2002. First discussing CB1 and CB@ receptors; the modulatory effect on dopamine, GABA and glutamate; and cross-talk with other receptors, Dr. Guy then examines Phyto-Cannabinoids (plant based)THC, CBD and others, with GW's success in producing whole extracts from 3 tonnes/year of dried marijuana and years of genetic breeding to feature both high THC and high CBD strains. ... Visit: http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=5030388544973469056

Russia - Resources, Information Cannabis Headquarters - Medical Cannabis (Marijuana) Strains ... articles about specific medical conditoins and how cannabis ... ever heard of PURPLE Nepal ? ...   ...   Visit - http://www.cannabishq.com/forum/index.php?topic=612.0.

Russia - Resources, Information Medical Cannabis Menu - Safe 420 Deliver... Purple Russia. Indoor, Indica, very exotic-rare. Purple Nepal.jpg ? SEO by Artio. Medical Cannabis Delivered! 949-334-3065. info@safe420delivery.org ...   ...   Visit - http://www.safe420delivery.org/menu.html.

  BOOKs on Medical Cannabis (marijuana) and related 

Medical Cannabis, Books - Is Marijuana the Right Medicine for You? Is Marijuana the Right Medicine for You? | A Factual Guide to Medical Uses of Marijuana by Bill Zimmerman, PhD with Rick Bayer, MD and Nancy Crumpacker, MD, ISBN#0-87983-906-6 (Keats 1998). Chapter 3: Why All the Controversy? What Does The Research Actually Show? is online at: http://www.medmjscience.org/Media/pdf/chap3.pdf

Medical Cannabis, Books - Cannabis and Cannabinoids; Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential Examine the pros, cons, and controversies of marijuana as medicine! | Cannabis is still sending “signals of misunderstanding.”1-3 The result is an exaggeration of beneficial or deleterious effects as well as occasional intermixture of medical science with other moral categories. This book deals with health aspects of the cannabis plant and the cannabinoids while mainly factoring out societal aspects. Some authors refer to social topics that require discussion even within the bounds of a narrow handling of medicinal aspects. “Cannabis and Cannabinoids; Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential”. Edited by Franjo Grotenhermen, MD; Nova-Institut GmBH, Hürth, Germany and Ethan Russo, MD; Montana Neurobehavioral Specialists, Missoula, Montana. Hard Cover (ISBN-13: 978-0-7890-1507-7, ISBN-10: 0-7890-1507-2) $79.95

Medical Cannabis, Books - Marijuana Rx: The Patient's Fight for Medicinal Pot Marijuana Rx: The Patient's Fight for Medicinal Pot (Book) by Robert Randall & Alice O'Leary * This is a story of government betrayal -- a betrayal that continues today. But it is also a story of human courage and perseverance. Please take the time to read this book. Afterall, none of us are immune from the illnesses that marijuana can treat -- glaucoma, cancer, multiple sclerosis and more. Some day you might need medical access to marijuana. We pray that it will be as simple as a doctor's prescription. Full text articles, news summaries, supporting organizations and states, additional resources, and information on medical marijuana. Visit: marijuana-as-medicine.org

Medical Cannabis - Medical Marijuana, research Medical Marijuana Your search on medical marijuana has brought you to Questia, the world's largest online academic library. The Questia online library offers reliable books, journals, and articles that you can trust on medical marijuana.  With Questia you can quickly research, cite, and quote with complete confidence. Save substantial time without sacrificing research quality. Research Medical Marijuana Find quality info at the world's online library. 435,000 books, articles. Search or read full text, highlight, cite and auto-create bibliographies and get a personal bookshelf. Click here for more.

  misc Related LINKs, Web Rings, and such  

Resources, Organizations - Marijuana links Marijuana links. Popular Searches: Medical Marijuana Links. Marijuana Research Links. ... about marijuana, The Washington State Medical Marijuana Act CHAPTER 69.51A RCW This is ... an activist for medical marijuana. Chronic Cannabis Use A report on ... Click > here < for more.

Russia - Resources, Information Cannabis - Medical Wonder Drug or Worldwide Anathema? Cannabis - you'll hear it called wacky backy, marijuana, weed, puff, smoke, pot, ... countries such as Morocco , Lebanon , Pakistan , Nepal , Afghanistan and India ... Major producer countries such as Morocco , Lebanon , Pakistan , Nepal , Afghanistan and India compete in a bouyant market, with around 40% of the weed coming from the "cannabis farms" in Morocco . Significant amounts are also starting to be produced in North America and Europe .   ...   Visit - http://www.guide4living.com/drugabuse/cannabis.htm.

Rhode Island - Medical 101; Links, Web-Ring Medical 101 (Links, “Web-Ring”) * A potential starting point for Medical Cannabis info. Find what you're looking for! Visit: www.medical-101.com/

Rhode Island - Marijuana Drug Slang Dictionary Marijuana Drug Slang Dictionary | Drug Slang Dictionary - Marijuana. Click here for more.

Rhode Island - Rights and Freedoms Our Rights and Freedoms | The U.S. Constitution and it's Bill of Rights bestow our rights and freedoms as Americans. Court interpretations and decisions, like the Supreme Court's Miranda rights ruling define the sco... Click > here < for more.

Rhode Island - Marijuana Statistics and related Resources Whats yours?   Have an item? Post it on the Bulletin Board, below.

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Monday, February 16, 2014 at 11:06 PM:
Nikita Patel from india wrote:
"Hello Webmaster, I visited your web site earlier today and firstly wanted to congratulate you on the appearance, excellent content and accessibility I discovered there. It is not often I come across a web site that offers such a positive user experience and great information too. At this present moment, I am seeking meaningful links from quality websites just like yours, for a current project on behalf of - http://www.iboga-experience.nl - As you will see, this is based upon a similar theme to yours and does in my view, offer added value content for web site visitors. Now as a part of this promotional activity, I would very much like to have a link featured on your website. Should you be agreeable, please use the following details to add the project site to your links page. My Details Title:- Ibogatreatment URL:- http://www.iboga-experience.nl Des: Iboga spiritual centre in The Netherlands with many years of experience in healing people with addictions and depressions, anxiety and other life-issues.. HTML Code:- <P><AHREF=http://www.iboga-experience.nl>Ibogatreatment</A>Iboga spiritual centre in The Netherlands with many years of experience in healing people with addictions and depressions, anxiety and other life-issues</p> If you have any questions or concerns, please don't hesitate in contacting me by replying to this email. I will then get back to you as soon as possible. Thanks and Regards, Link Manager ---------------------------- "

Sunday, October 7, 2012 at 03:22 AM:
john from uk wrote:
" what i think would help is if every person that has been helped with cannabis signed a on line book or something similar, and every time some one says that its no good we can prove them wrong. hear in the uk we have a web site called clear reform and we hopley can try. I am not a actorvest in anything. my daughter has a brain tumor and i cant turn to anyone "

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