AMERICAN REVIEW OF RESPIRATORY DISEASE, VOLUME 112, 1975
Effects of Smoked Marijuana in
Experimentally Induced Asthma 1, 2
DONALD P. TASHKIN, BERTRAND J. SHAPIRO, Y. ENOCH LEE,
and CHARLES E. HARPER |
After experimental induction of acute bronchospasm in 8 subjects with clinically stable bronchial asthma, effects of 500 mg of smoked marijuana (2.0 per cent Delta 9-tetrahydrodrocannabinol) on specific airway conductance and thoracic gas volume were compared with those of 500 mg of smoked placebo marijuana (0.0 per cent Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol), 0.25 ml of aerosolized saline, and 0.25 ml of aerosolized isoproterenol (1,250 ug). Bronchospasm was induced on 4 separate occasions, by inhalation of methacholine and, on four other occasions, by exercise on a bicycle ergometer or treadmill. Methacholine and exercise caused average decreases in specific airway conductance of 40 to 55 per cent and 30 to 39 per cent, respectively, and average increases in thoracic gas volume of 35 to 43 per cent and 25 to 35 per cent, respectively. After methacholine-induced bronchospasm, placebo marijuana and saline inhalation produced minimal changes in speci! fic airway conductance and thoracic gas volume, whereas 2.0 per cent marijuana and isoproterenol each caused a prompt correction of the bronchospasm and associated hyperinflation. After exercise-induced bronchospasm, placebo marijuana and saline were followed by gradual recovery during 30 to 60 min, whereas 2.0 per cent marijuana and isoproterenol caused an immediate reversal of exercise-induced asthma and hyperinflation.
Recent studies have demonstrated significant, acute bronchodilatation in healthy young men after both smoked marijuana (1, 2) and oral Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta 9-THC), the principal psychoactive ingredient in marijuana (2). More recently, the smoking of marijuana and ingestion of Delta 9-THC by subjects with chronic, clinically stable, bronchial asthma of minimal to moderate severity has been shown to produce airway dilatation of a magnitude similar to that previously noted in healthy subjects (3). Although these findings appear to support the benefit ascribed to the use of cannabis in the last century for the treatment of bronchial asthma (4), they do not provide any direct evidence for a bronchodilator effect of marijuana during an acute asthmatic attack. In the present study, the effects of smoked marijuana on bronchomotor tone were evaluated in asthmatic subjects after acute bronchospasm was induced either by inhalation of methacholine or ! by exercise.
Click > here < for more (http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/hemp/medical/tashkin/tashkin1.htm).
Marijuana Helps Asthma |
Its impossible to help someone who is having a asthma attack with marijuana smoke, not to mention helping them breathe easier
More than 15 million Americans are affected by asthma. Smoking cannabis (The "raw drug" as the AMA called it) would be beneficial for 80% of them and add 30-60 million person-years in the aggregate of extended life to current asthmatics over presently legal toxic medicines such as the Theophylline prescribed to children.
"Taking a hit of marijuana has been known to stop a full blown asthma attack." Personal communication with Dr. Donald Tashkin, December 12, 1989 and December 1, 1997. The use of cannabis for asthmatics goes back thousands of years in literature. American doctors of the last century wrote glowing reports in medical papers that asthma sufferers of the world would "bless" Indian hemp (cannabis) all their lives.
The inhalation of cannabis smoke causes bronchial dilation lasting up to one hour. The bronchodilator effect of orally injested THC lasts up to six hours, but is not so powerful as smoking cannabis. THC aerosols are not as effective as smoking cannabis because aerosolized THC has an irritating effect on the air passages.
THC in a micoaerosol has proved to be up to 60 percent effective as a bronchodilator, with minimal mental effects and no parasympathetic effects. Other research demonstrates that THC defends against the encroachment of emphysema and suppresses coughing. Cannabis has been used sucessfully in the treatment of whooping cough.
... American doctors of the last century wrote glowing reports in medical papers that asthma sufferers of the world would "bless" Indian hemp (cannabis) all ...
Visit - http://www.geocities.com/medicalmarijuana2003/fact14.htm
Bud Buddies - Medical Cannabis |
Bud Buddies was founded to help people suffering from a genuine illness by supplying high quality natural cannabis. We feel that we cannot sit by and let seriously ...
Cannabis Helps - Asthma
How should cannabis or THC be taken to treat asthma?
British Medical Association
Acute doses of cannabis and THC exert a definitive bronchodilator effect on the small airways of the lungs. The mechanism of this effect is not known, but it appears to be different from that of other drugs used at present as bronchodilators for asthma.
However, there have been very few studies on the bronchodilator effects of cannabinoids in asthmatic patients. All of these were studies carried out in the 1970s. Tashkin et al. studied 14 asthmatic volunteers and compared smoked cannabis (2%THC), oral THC (15mg) and the drug isoprenaline (0.5%). They found that smoked cannabis and oral THC produced significant bronchodilatation of at least two hours duration. The effect of smoked cannabis was nearly equivalent to the clinical dose of isoprenaline.
Smoked cannabis was also capable of reversing experimentally induced bronchospasm in three asthmatic subjects. Williams et al. compared a THC aerosol containing 0.2 mg THC with a salbutamol aerosol (0.1 mg) in 10 asthmatic subjects. Both drugs significantly improved respiratory function. The onset of effect was more rapid with salbutamol, but the effects of both drugs were equivalent at one hour. Tashkin et al. compared several doses of THC aerosol (5-20mg) with a standard dose of isoprenaline in 11 normal volunteers and five asthmatic subjects. In the normal subjects and three of the asthmatics, the bronchodilator effect of THC was less than that of isoprenaline after five minutes, but significantly greater after one to three hours.
Visit - http://www.budbuddies.com/cannabishelps/asthma.htm
The Third National Clinical Conference |
Medical Ethics and Cannabis Prohibition, by Richard Bonnie, JD ... pertussis, diarrhea, parasites, wasting syndrome, asthma, tetanus and others. ...
Pediatrics and Medicinal Cannabis, with Ethan Russo, MD
Dr. Ethan Russo presents worldwide history of medical marijuana used for childhood diseases: including colic, seizures, pertussis, diarrhea, parasites, wasting syndrome, asthma,
tetanus and others. Founding editor of the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics, Dr. Russo also addresses recent science on anti-cancer agents in Cannabis, ADHD and epilepsy.
Visit - http://www.medicalcannabis.com/video/video2004.html
Erowid Cannabis Vault: Marihuana, A Signal of Misunderstanding, the Report of the US National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse, 1972
The term "marihuana" is a word with indistinct origins. Some believe it is derived from the Mexican words for "Mary Jane"; others hold that "marihuana" comes from. the Portuguese word marigu-ano which means "intoxicant" (Geller and Boas, 1969: 14). This chapter outlines the many and varied uses of marihuana through history, and deals with its use in medicine and its use as an intoxicant.
... Analgesic-hypnotic, appetite stimulant, antiepileptic, antispasmodic, prophylactic and treatment of the neuralgias, including migraine and tic douloureaux, antidepressant-tranquillizer, anti-asthmatic, oxytocic, anti-tussive, topical anesthetic, withdrawal agent for opiate and alcohol addiction, child birth analgesic, and antibiotic (1968: 39).
... Africa ...
Cannabis was used in Africa to restore appetite and to relieve pain of hemorrhoids, its antiseptic uses were also known to certain African native tribes (O'Shaughnessy, 1842: 431). Various other uses, in a number of countries, included the treatment of tetanus, hydrophobia, delirium tremens, infantile convulsions, neuralgia and other nervous disorders, cholera, menorrhagia, rheumatism, hay fever, asthma, skin diseases, and protracted labor during childbirth.
... The Ohio State Medical Society's Committee on Cannabis Indica, convened in 1860, reported that their respondents claimed cannabis successfully treated neuralgic pain, dysmenorhea, uterine hemorrhage, hysteria, delirium tremens, mania, palsy, whooping cough, infantile convulsions, asthma, gonorrhea, nervous rheumatism, chronic bronchitis, muscular spasms, tetanus, epilepsy and appetite stimulation (McMeens, 1860: 1).
... and more!
Visit - http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_medical_info3.shtml
States that Support Medical Freedom, by Medical-Freedom.com |
Requires the court to consider a defendant's use of medical cannabis to be a ... Medical conditions affording legal protection: Spasms or wasting syndrome ...
Below, you will find a brief summary of state laws and the dates they where put into effect. Sadly, there are only twelve states that have laws enacted to date.
NOTE: The State of Maryland is added to this list (but not as one of the twelve) because they have "Affirmative Defense"; although technically there is no actual law, they do show support for Medical Freedom on a very small level. This is better than taking no position at all. At least they address it in some way, unlike all other remaining States across America.
Visit - http://medical-freedom.com/history/index.html
State Medical Marijuana Laws, by ProCon.org |
ProCon.org is a 501 (c)(3) nonprofit public charity that has no government affiliations of any kind.
The purpose is educational.
They do not express opinions on research projects ("issue sites"), and believe that most people care about their community, their state and their country, have common sense and good judgment and can make better decisions if the large volume of data and rhetoric on an issue is reduced to a fairly and reasonably crafted pro-con presentation.
I. Thirteen states have enacted laws that legalized medical marijuana, and more.
Visit - http://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/viewresource.asp?resourceID=881
CANNABIS - A CENTURY OF MEDICAL USES, by THE
ANTIQUE CANNABIS BOOK |
CANNABIS - 1840-1940 ... Although Medical Cannabis had been in use for ... Jan 11, 1873 pp 33 "Lead Colic, with Marked Lead Spasms" ... Chapter 11 ...
With Over 600 Pre-1937 Medical Cannabis Products Documented;---a Great Resource book for the Antique Cannabis Collector |
From Paracelsus to World War II:
Although Medical Cannabis had been in use for thousands of years before the creation of Western Medicine, most modern day antique Cannabis collectors seem to have little interest in ancient Egyptian Jars, or Assyrian Clay tablets.
This chapter therefore, limits itself solely to those uses that [established] Western Medicine, made of it, and then ONLY if mentioned in contemporary and reputable Medical Journals.
Visit - http://antiquecannabisbook.com/chap11/MedUses.htm
Cannabis Patient Network;
Giving a voice, and hope, to those who have none, the chronically ill -
Medical Cannabis Testimonies: Mark Pedersen of Missouri 2008 |
October 26, 2008 –
Posted in Fibromyalgia, Medical Cannabis Testimonies, Migraines, Missouri, Neuropathy, Seizures (Epilepsy), chronic pain
Tagged marijuana, legalize, Missouri, seizures, cannabis, Fibromyalgia, Migraines, Cannabis Patient Network, holistic
... Lead poisoning can cause nervous system and kidney damage, learning disabilities, speech and language problems, behavioral problems, poor muscle coordination, decreased muscle and bone growth, hearing damage, Asthma, digestive problems, nerve disorders, caAsthmaacts, memory problems, concentration problems, muscle and joint pain, pregnancy complications, damaged sperm production, and cancer.
... My history:
I’m not much different than most medical cannabis patients. Just another criminal statistic in our government’s war on its own people. You see, that’s what I am in the eyes of our justice system, a criminal.
Click > here < for more (http://cannabispatientnet.wordpress.com/2008/10/26/medical-cannabis-testimonies-mark-pedersen-of-missouri-2008/).
420LAWYER - Medical Marijuana Legal Services
For a list of California doctors who recommend medical cannabis, please visit: .... afforded legal protection under this act: Spasms or wasting syndrome; ...
BUSINESS LAW SECTION, CRIMINAL LAW SECTION, State Medical Marijuana Laws,
Marijuana vs. Hemp: Myth vs. Reality
and more ...
Visit - http://420lawyer.com/State_Laws.html
Spinal Cord Injury and Disease by Medical Marijuana Information Resource Centre | Spinal cord injury and disease often result in loss of motion (e.g., paraplegia and quadriplegia), neuropathic pain, muscle spasms, loss of bladder control, erectile dysfunction, and depression.
Paraplegia is a weakness or paralysis of muscles in the lower body caused by disease or injury in the middle or lower part of the spinal cord. If the injury is near the neck, the arms and legs both may be affected, and quadriplegia develops. The standards for pain and muscle spasms are opioids for the pain and baclofen (Lioresal®/Atrofen®) or diazepam (Valium®) and other drugs of this class for the muscle spasms.
About the Medical Marijuana Information Resource Centre
The Medical Marijuana Information Resource Centre has been established to:
Help guide patients who currently use cannabis for medical reasons to legally access cannabis, and
Provide health care professionals with an overview of current and relevant clinical information on the use of medical cannabis.
Click > here < for more.
Vaporizers and Medical Cannabis - Drug Policy Alliance |
Earleywine, Mitch, "Vaporizers and Medical Cannabis."
Prof. Mitch Earleywine is back with ammunition against the arguments that marijuana is not medicine because of the dangers of smoking it. Read on for details about Vaporizer use, and feel free to contribute your own thoughts and experiences in our Discusion Forum.
Smoked cannabis can alleviate pain as effectively as established analgesics like codeine. It lowers nausea and vomiting quickly at less than half the price of other medications. Many case studies and a few controlled experiments suggest that cannabis can decrease the uncontrollable muscle spasms associated with spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis. Seizures also decrease in response to medical cannabis. It’s also non-toxic, with no cases of death by overdose. (Even aspirin can’t make that claim!)
Visit - http://www.drugpolicy.org/library/mitch3.cfm
Common Medical Uses for Cannabis (Marijuana), by The American Alliance For Medical Cannabis (AAMC) | dedicated to bringing patients, caregivers and volunteers the facts they need to make informed decisions about whether Cannabis is the right medicine for them, the laws surrounding Medicinal Marijuana in your area, political activism and even handy recipes and guides to growing your own nontoxic medicine.
Physicians, Cannabis Cooperatives and Dispensaries;
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Can Cannabis Help Multiple Sclerosis?
Can Cannabis Kill You?
Cancer Spasms and cannabinoids ...
And more! Visit - http://www.letfreedomgrow.com/index_se_cmu.htm
The Hemp and Cannabis Foundation (THCf) is a non-profit organization that helps qualified medical marijuana patients inform and empower themselves to become legally protected.
Under state law in Oregon, Washington, Colorado, California, Nevada, Montana, Hawaii and Michigan, the following conditions qualify for medical marijuana permits: Chronic Severe Pain, Glaucoma, Cancer, AIDS/HIV, Chronic Muscle Spasms, Multiple Sclerosis, GERD, Seizure Disorders, Crohn’s Disease, Chronic Spasms, Spasms, Asthma, IBS, Hepatitis C, Parkinson’s Disease, Arthritis, and many others. Marijuana is much safer, more effective and less costly than many medicinal alternatives currently in use.
The THCf host several clinics where doctors help patients obtain a permit for medical marijuana. Physicians are fully licensed, experienced, well informed and compassionate. Staff explains each state’s unique program and helps patients locate community resources so they can best benefit from their state’s medical cannabis law.
Visit - http://www.hemp.org/medical-cannabis.php
Americans for Safe Access (ASA) |
We recognize that information about using cannabis as medicine has been difficult to obtain. The federal prohibition on cannabis has meant that modern clinical research has been limited, to the detriment of medical science and the wellness of patients. But the documented history of the safe, medical use of cannabis dates to 2700 B.C. Cannabis was part of the American pharmacopoeia until 1942 and is currently available by prescription in the Netherlands and Canada.
Testimonials from both doctors and patients reveal valuable information on the use of cannabis therapies, and supporting statements from professional health organizations and leading medical journals support its legitimacy as a medicine. In the last few years, clinical trials in Great Britain, Canada, Spain, Israel, and elsewhere have shown great promise for new medical applications.
Visit - http://www.safeaccessnow.org/article.php?id=4558
iMedicalCannabis.org | is an educational and resource platform built to empower patients, families, and caregivers with the information and resources needed for Safe Access to medical cannabis.
Visit - http://imedicalcannabis.org/
NaturalNews.com > NaturalPedia > Biological Measures > Blood pressure > blood pressure and Medical | 1001 Chemicals in Everyday Products, by
Grace Ross Lewis.
Harmful effects include heart rate changes, Blood pressure drop. When smoked or swallowed can cause delirium, drowsiness, weakness, and reflex weakness. Overdose can cause coma and death. This herb does have Medical applications and can be very beneficial for epileptics and controlling nausea of chemotherapy patients.
Synonyms: CAS: 8063-14-7 ? CANNABIS ? MARY JANE ? DOPE ? INDIAN HEMP ? HASHISH MARJORAM OIL_ Products and Uses: Used in perfume and toilet waters as a flavoring agent or odorant. The Spanish grade is used in fish, meat, sauces, and soups.
... Medical treatment for anxiety, depression, Asthma, migraine, ...
Visit - http://www.naturalnews.com/np/B/Blood_pressure-medical.html
Medical cannabis | Canna Cafe (blog) -
Medical cannabis refers to the use of the drug cannabis as a physician ... reported significant or total relief from Spasms and vomiting. ...
Medical cannabis refers to the use of the drug cannabis as a physician-recommended herbal therapy, most notably as an antiemetic.
There are many studies regarding the use of cannabis in a medicinal context. Cannabis was listed in the United States Pharmacopeia from 1850 until 1942. The United States federal government does not currently recognize any legitimate medical use, although there are currently seven patients receiving cannabis for their various illnesses through the Compassionate Investigational New Drug program that was closed to new patients by President George H. W. Bush. Francis L. Young, an administrative law judge with the US Drug Enforcement Agency, in 1988, declared that “in its natural form, (cannabis) is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known.”
However, smoked cannabis is today not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) It has medicinal uses throughout recorded history of Homo sapiens. Specifically to the United States, it was used legally for medicinal use for many things including birth-giving, chronic pain, and some other known conditions before 1942, when its use was essentially outlawed from The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937. Currently in 12 states it is medically available to conditions it has been shown effective to treat through recent studies.
Visit - http://canna-cafe.com/medical-cannabis
Marijuana - Just say know! | It’s very easy to find the truth about marijuana. Just go to amazon.com and type in "marijuana", and you'll see a long list of books. Pick one and read it! Before we condemn anyone to an unspeakable and hideous prison experience, don't we owe it to them to be sure they really deserve to be in prison. Please consider the possibility, everyone reading this, that you may be wrong about marijuana.
What may not be in any of those books yet are two remarkable recent discoveries:
1. Marijuana's active ingredients, the cannabinoids, shrink tumors and promote the necrosis of cancerous tissue, without harming normal tissue. You can check this one out on the web with a Google search using the words [marijuana cancer], and also try [marijuana "shrink tumors"].
Visit - http://people.bakersfield.com/home/Blog/noelkettering
Medical Marijuana Forums |
Welcome to WeedTRACKER! The largest Medical Marijuana website online. We have everything the Medical Marijuana patient needs to be more educated about whats available at the California Co-Ops. We have the largest patient medicine reviews site with over 1000 products reviewed from over 350 Co-Ops from Los Angeles to Arcata.
WeedTRACKER.com is not a public website. Membership at WeedTRACKER is only available to qualified individuals. Some parts of the site are available for public read-only use, but the majority of the site is membership only. Individuals who wish to join WeedTRACKER.com must be legal Medical Marijuana Patients as defined by their states guidelines. Visit - http://www.weedtracker.com/forums/view.php?pg=welcome
cannabisnews.com: Marijuana In Asthma Study Posted by FoM on November 23, 2000 -
By Duncan Welch
Source: Budapest Sun |
A team from Hungary has conducted research into marijuana and established a link between the drug and asthma which could help develop new treatments for respiratory-related illnesses. Back in the mid-1970s US professor Donald P Taskin found that "recent studies demonstrated significant, acute bronchodilation in healthy young men after they smoked marijuana".
Now research in Hungary, Italy and the US indicates that while some asthma sufferers are prone to coughing when exposed to elements of the drug, others seem to be less affected by such irritation when lung muscles are tensed.
According to Dr Tamás Freund of the Institute of Experimental Medicine of Budapest, the knowledge gleaned from this research could alter the way respiratory illnesses are treated.
"Colleagues at the University of California, Irvine, found that induced bronchular constriction was antagonized by anandamide, a substance with the same properties as cannabinoids, a material found in marijuana.
"The contribution of my laboratory was to localize the molecules released by anandamide and its effect on nerve fibers in order to ease the muscles, helping reduce the substance that constricts the muscles," he explained.
Marijuana is currently being examined for medical properties in the fields of asthma, stroke and cancer research, as well as being utilized for pain relief and the control of nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy treatment.
Visit - http://cannabisnews.com/news/7/thread7749.shtml
Medical Marijuana: Asthma Treatment
(SALEM, Ore.) - I was totally befuddled to read in the Oregonian newspaper August, 1, 2007, of a research study in New Zealand that smoking one joint of marijuana obstructs the flow of air (in the lungs) as much as five tobacco cigarettes.
The New Zealand Medical Research Institute further reports that long-time pot smokers can develop symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, obstruction of large airways and excessive lung inflation.
They seem to hedge their remarks by writing that the chronic lung disease, emphysema, (from tobacco smoking) was uncommon among marijuana smokers.
They further stated that only 1.3 percent of marijuana smokers had emphysema, while it was 16.3 percent with marijuana AND tobacco and 18.9 percent of tobacco only smokers.
... Cannibinoids, the medicine in marijuana, cause smooth muscle relaxation and smooth muscles are the inside lining of the airways; therefore, marijuana should help asthma patients by enlarging the bore. It does.
Visit - http://www.salem-news.com/articles/august302007/med_pot_83007.php
Study of safety issues surrounding the medical use of cannabis launches
- 8-Dec-2004 |
A first-of-its-kind study of safety issues surrounding the medical use of cannabis has just been launched. Known as the COMPASS study (Cannabis for the management of pain: assessment of safety study), the research initiative will follow 1400 chronic pain patients, 350 of whom use cannabis as part of their pain management strategy, for a one-year period. Seven participating pain clinics across Canada are now enrolling patients for this study.
"Patients in COMPASS will typically have pain resulting from spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, arthritis or other kinds of hard-to-treat neuropathic or muscle pain," explains Dr. Mark Ware, principal investigator and pain physician at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) Pain Centre. "We are not recruiting cancer patients for this study."
"Other studies are looking at whether cannabis relieves pain and other symptoms," says Dr. Ware. "These studies are important, but we also need to know how safe cannabis used for medical purposes actually is. The experience of recreational users gives us some information, but we must understand safety issues in patients who are taking multiple medications and who may have diseases like high blood pressure or diabetes which complicate the picture."
Visit - http://www.news-medical.net/?id=6782
UCSF Today -
NEWS AND SPECIAL FEATURES -
First Appeared Wednesday, 18 October '06 -
On the Spot: Dr. Abrams Responds |
As part of our new On the Spot web feature, Dr. Donald Abrams, the new director of clinical programs at the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine and an expert in complemenAsthmay therapies, agreed to answer your questions.
Q. In regard to medicinal marijuana, does marijuana smoke or secondhand exposure affect the lungs or throat like cigarette smoke or secondhand exposure?
A. With regards to secondhand marijuana smoke, I do not believe that such studies have been done. In general, inhalation of products of combustion is not the ideal way to deliver a medicine.
Q. I know that marijuana is advised for AIDS/HIV and Cancer patients. Could it be useful in treating things like severe headaches, high blood pressure, low back pain and stress? If not, why not?
A. All of those conditions you listed have been found to be helped by cannabis. If one looks at the law in California, Proposition 215, it allows for the recommendation of medical marijuana where use has been deemed appropriate and recommended by a physician for use in “treatment of cancer, anorexia, AIDS, spasticity, glaucoma, arthritis, migraine or any other illness for which marijuana provides relief.”
... Q. What herbal/botanical alternatives are available for treatment of high blood pressure (herbal/botanical)? A. Although my integrative medicine practice is ...
Visit - http://pub.ucsf.edu/today/cache/feature/200610173.html
Cannabis News from Canna Zine |
Cannabis use has a 4,000-year medical history, dating back to the early Chinese and Indian civilisations.
In the early 1840s, William O'Shaughnessy , of the East India Trading Company , described experiments giving cannabis tinctures to patients suffering rheumatism, tetanus, rabies, infantile convulsions, cholera and delirium tremens - conditions that traditional Indian medical practitioners were already treating with cannabis.
He reported great success in treating rheumatism, and also noted that cannabis was a great anti-vomiting agent.
Click > here < for more.
Cannabis Based Medicine (Sativex®) Relieves Spasms And Stiffness In People With Multiple Sclerosis – by Medical News Today |
Today, a leading neurology journal - European Journal of Neurology (EJN) reports a study1 which shows that Sativex, a cannabis based medicine, significantly reduces intractable spasms and stiffness (spasticity) in people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS).
Spasticity is one of the most common symptoms of MS, occurring in up to 84% of patients1. Spasticity can severely impact quality of life and is one of the most difficult symptoms of MS to treat1.
Visit - http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/64005.php
Marijuana as Medicine, by Consumer Reports - May 1997 |
Should marijuana be used as a medicine, as its advocates say? Or is it a dangerous drug of abuse that exposes users to brain damage and lung cancer?
Last fall, voters in California and Arizona approved laws allowing patients to smoke marijuana for medical purposes with a doctor's recommendation. Other states are considering similar moves. And the influential New England Journal of Medicine has editorialized in favor of extending this policy nationwide. Federal health and drug-enforcement officials have reacted strongly to these initiatives. "Seeming to legalize marijuana for anything would give young people the wrong impression," says Sheryl Massaro, a spokeswoman for the National Institute on Drug Abuse. "That doesn't even seem to enter the minds of a lot of people who are promoting it for medical use."
The debate over medical marijuana seems likely to continue for some time, caught up as it is in the larger question of how the nation should deal with recreational drug use and abuse. "It's a shame" that the debate is so polarized, says Harrison Pope, a Harvard University psychiatrist who studies marijuana. "Science should know more about this substance by now, considering how long it has been in use." While the debate continues, here is what is known about the health effects, both good and ill, of this controversial drug.
Visit - http://www.medmjscience.org/Pages/history/consumerreports.html
Common Sense for Drug Policy: Medical Marijuana Facts & News | ... in San Francisco to protest the DEA's raid on a local medical cannabis dispensary. According to ASA's news release: ... Medical Marijuana and College Campuses:
A Colorado student has been hassled by University administration even though he has adhered to state medical marijuana laws. According to The Denver Post September 20, 2008 article, ("Student Fights CU Over Hazy Marijuana Law")
"A University of Colorado at Boulder student who has a medical-marijuana card will be given his pot back by campus police Monday. CU officials relented when threatened with a lawsuit after campus police confiscated less than 2 ounces of pot from Edward Nicholson's dorm room, and officials threatened him with suspension.
Nicholson, 20, said he was holding the drug for his 23-year-old brother, a chronic-pain sufferer. State law allows doctor-recommended marijuana use for those 'suffering from debilitating medical conditions.' Caregivers of patients must carry state-issued medical-marijuana cards. Nicholson is the cardholder because he says pot is easier to buy in Boulder than in Aurora, where his family lives."
Visit - http://www.csdp.org/news/news/medmar.htm
Accepted Medical Use: Clinical Research
By DrugScience.org | DrugScience.org is the homesite for the Cannabis Rescheduling Petition ... volunteers, smoked cannabis was effective in reducing Spasms and vomiting, ...
The 2002 Petition to Reschedule Cannabis (Marijuana): Results from clinical research demonstrate that both dronabinol and whole plant cannabis can offer a safe and effective treatment for the following illnesses: muscle spasms in multiple sclerosis, Tourette syndrome, chronic pain, Spasms and vomiting in HIV/AIDS and cancer chemotherapy, loss of appetite from cancer, hyperactivity of the bladder in patients with multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury, and dyskinesia caused by levodopa in Parkinson's disease.
During the 1970’s and 1980’s, several states conducted research programs comparing smoked marijuana to oral forms of THC. Musty and Rossi reviewed the data from research programs in 6 states. The results from only one of these research programs had been published in peer-reviewed journals before 1995 (Vinciguerra et al. 1988). In their 2001 review, Musty and Rossi wrote:
"Data were available on 748 patients who smoked marijuana prior to and/or after cancer chemotherapy and 345 patients who used the oral THC capsule.. . . Patients who smoked marijuana experienced 70-100% relief from Spasms and vomiting, while those who used the THC capsule experienced 76-88% relief. . . . On the basis of these studies, it appears that smoked marijuana can be a very successful treatment for Spasms and vomiting following cancer chemotherapy.. . .The development of smokeless inhalation devices could certainly reduce the potential harm from smoking marijuana.” (Musti & Rossi 2001)
Visit - http://www.drugscience.org/amu/amu_clinical_research.html
Medical Info – by Americans for Safe Access (ASA) |
Medical Cannabis Endorsements.
Safe access to cannabis for patients and research has been endorsed by a growing number of professional healthcare organizations, including the American Public Health Association, the American Nurses Association, and most recently, the Medical Student Section of the American Medical Association.
Medical Marijuana Endorsements and Statements of Support.
The following is a representative sample of the large number of government panels, medical organizations, health charities and individuals of note who have publicly stated their support for medical access to marijuana and/or their opposition to criminal penalties for medical marijuana users.
" Spasms, appetite loss, pain and anxiety are all afflictions of wasting, and all can be mitigated by marijuana."
- Institute of Medicine, "Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base," 1999
Visit - http://www.safeaccessnow.org/section.php?id=344
Medical Marijuana Uses, by Concept420 |
Below are just a small sample of the many uses of Medical Marijuana:
The drugs used to treat cancer are among the most powerful, and most toxic, chemicals used in medicine. They kill both cancer cells and healthy cells, producing extremely unpleasant and dangerous side effects. The most common is days or weeks of vomiting, retching, and Spasms after each treatment. The feeling of loss of control is highly depressing, and patients find it very difficult to eat anything, and lose weight and strength. People find it more and more difficult to sustain the will to live, and many chose to discontinue treatment, preferring death to treatment.
Cannabis can be used as an antiemetic, a drug which relieves Spasms and allows patients to eat and live normally. It is safer, cheaper and often more effective than standard synthetic antiemetics. Smoking cannabis is more effective than taking it orally (or its synthetic derivatives such as Marinol) as patients it difficult to keep anything down long enough for it to have an effect. Smoking cannabis produces an immediate effect, and patients find it easier to control the doseage. Additionally the euphoric properties act as an anti-depressant, and the hunger and enjoyment of food properties ('the munchies') make weight gain easy, and these increase the chances of recovery.
Visit - http://www.concept420.com/marijuana_medical_med_uses.htm
Medical cannabis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia |
Cannabis Indica (now referred to as Cannabis sativa subsp. indica), Fluid Extract, American Druggists Syndicate, pre-1937Medical cannabis refers to the use of the Cannabis plant as a physician-recommended herbal therapy as well as synthetic THC and cannabinoids. So far, the medical use of cannabis is legal only in a limited number of territories, including Canada, Belgium, Austria, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Spain, Israel, Finland, and some U.S. states.
This usage generally requires a prescription, and distribution is usually done within a framework defined by local laws.
There are many studies regarding the use of cannabis in a medicinal context.
Visit - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_cannabis
Medical Marijuana Information, from The Erowid Vault |
Marijuana has many possible medical uses. Positive effects are claimed for ailments such as cancer, AIDS, and glaucoma. AIDS can cause a loss of appetite known as "wasting syndrome", which can lead to drastic weight loss and weakness. Chemotherapy used in the treatment of cancer causes Spasms resulting in an inability to keep down food.
Marijuana's healing nature for these two illnesses is a result of its ability to increase a person's appetite as well as relieving Spasms, allowing a patient to regain weight. Marijuana reportedly helps glaucoma patients by reducing intraocular pressure that can cause damage to the eye.
Visit - http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_medical.shtml
Cannabis and cannabinoids : pharmacology toxicology and therapeutic potential (paperback) | livre cannabis and cannabinoids : pharmacology toxicology and therapeutic potential (paperback), homeopathie, phytotherapie, aromatherapie, mesotherapie, edition lavoisier.
Medical Use of Cannabis: Experience in California lli> Effects of Proposition 215 lli> Usage Surveys lli> Chapter 13. Anorexia and Spasms lli> Anorexia ...
Auteur(s) : GROTENHERMEN Franjo,
Date de parution: 07-2002,
Langue : ANGLAIS,
430p. 21x15.2 Paperback,
Etat : Disponible chez l'éditeur (délai de livraison : 17 jours),
This comprehensive volume presents state-of-the-art scientific research on the therapeutic uses of cannabis and its derivatives. Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential features fair, equitable discussion of the benefits, drawbacks, and side effects of medical marijuana as a treatment for pain, Spasms, anorexia, Spasms, glaucoma, ischemia, spastic disorders, and migraine.
It examines all facets of the medical use of marijuana, including botany, history, biochemistry, pharmacology, clinical use, toxicology, and side effects. No other book available offers such a comprehensive, even-handed look at this deeply divisive subject.
Visit - http://www.lavoisier.fr/notice/frMVOSOARQO6FSLO.html
Muscle Spasm, Pain & Marijuana Therapy : Testimony from Federal and State Court Proceedings on Marijuana's Medical Use (Paperback)
by R. C. Randall (Editor) | Testimony and affidavits of patients and doctors from hearings before the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and state courts.
Personalized accounts of medical marijuana use provide an excellent source of information on this controversial topic.
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Workshop on the Medical Utility of Marijuana, Report to the Director,
National Institutes of Health, by the Ad Hoc Group of Experts
| Appetite Stimulation/Spasms. What research has been done and what is known about the possible medical uses of marijuana? ...
Table of Contents
Clinical Pharmacology of Marijuana
Use of Marijuana in Neurological and Movement Disorders
Spasms and Vomiting
Question 4. What Special Issues Have to be Considered in Conducting
Clinical Trials of the Therapeutic Uses of Marijuana?
Appendix: The Effect of Controlled Substances Scheduling on Marijuana Research ...
Executive Summary: Over the past 18 months there has been wide-ranging public discussion on the potential medical uses of marijuana, particularly smoked marijuana. To contribute to the resolution of the debate, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) held a 2-day scientific meeting on February 19-20, 1997, to review the scientific data concerning the potential therapeutic uses for marijuana and the need for and feasibility of additional research.
Visit - http://www.nih.gov/news/medmarijuana/MedicalMarijuana.htm
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