Dr. Phillip Leveque realized that when he began helping seriously crippled patients obtain legal permission to possess marijuana for medical purposes, he and those in his care would be dealing with a mess of resistance and ridicule among the public majority. Dr. Leveque has been labeled a drug dealer and a quack, while his patients have been likened to potheads looking for an easy high from the comfort of their lift chairs.
According to Dr. Leveque, many of his patients are extremely disabled and even near death. Even worse, most physicians have previously rejected them on the sole basis that they do not believe cannabis has any positive impact on ill humans. This point of view persists despite evidence supporting the contrary from thousands of related medical articles and esteemed medical organizations such as the American College of Physicians. The US government has even released reports that approximately 50 million Americans use the drug, and a very limited number of them have lost their minds or gone on crime sprees.
Recently, Dr. Leveque was attacked by a columnist from the Oregonian newspaper stating what Dr. Leveque is involved in is, in essence, heinous. In this article, the writer, who is bluntly opposed to medical marijuana use, discussed how a multiple sclerosis patient had tested six different drugs that were certified by the Food and Drug Administration. In fact, he goes on to say that one of the drugs had been recalled due to its link to severe brain infections. To put it lightly, this information didn’t quite back up the journalist’s viewpoint that multiple sclerosis meds are the healthy alternative to smoking weed.
Since medical marijuana was legalized in Oregon about eight years ago, close to 20,000 patients have received permits authorized by an estimated 2,700 doctors. However, Dr. Leveque still seems to take the brunt of the criticism for being such a pioneer in this field. The point is there is a good chance at least 30 people in the State of Oregon who suffer from multiple sclerosis have medical marijuana cards and are benefiting significantly from the therapy. Check with the Oregon Medical Marijuana Program (OMMP). It doesn’t lie.
A major drug corporation that manufactures medication to combat the symptoms related to multiple sclerosis even incorporated segments of Dr. Leveque’s articles on the advantages of medical marijuana into its own advertising campaign in a sly “bait and switch” tactic. Until marijuana is completely legalized, there will continue to be a debate about its medical usefulness. However, there is proof in numbers, and so far, the numbers don’t lie.
MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (article) WHAT IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS? (
December 2001) Multiple sclerosis
(MS) is a disease of the central nervous system (CNS), the nerves that comprise the brain and
spinal cord. Its cause is unknown, and it cannot be prevented or cured. It is not fatal,
however, and great progress is being made in treating it and identifying underlying mechanisms
that trigger this disease. ... Four studies of cannabis used in capsules or in an oral
spray ... visit: http://www.reutershealth.com/wellconnected/doc17.html
Cannabinoids in Multiple Sclerosis Trial (online) Study results. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a
disease of the nervous system which affects as many as one person out of 800 in the
population, especially young adults.
When MS has been active for some years it can cause
muscle stiffness and spasms, pain, fatigue, difficulty passing urine and tremor. There is as
yet no cure for the disease, but there are an increasing number of treatments to help relieve
some of these distressing symptoms.
Cannabis has been used medicinally for over 2000 years and was available for medical use in
the UK until 1971 when it was reclassified as a "schedule one drug", meaning that it is
regarded as having no medical value.
Medical uses in the past used to include relief of pain,
cramps, nausea, and fits. ... Recently many sufferers from multiple sclerosis have reported
that using cannabis (illegally) has helped their symptoms, especially those of muscle
spasms. ... visit: http://www.cannabis-trial.plymouth.ac.uk/
Cannabis for multiple sclerosis (article) “The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on
patients with multiple sclerosis” by Consroe P, Musty R, Rein J, Tillery W, Pertwee R.,
Department of harmacology/Toxicology, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center,
Tucson 85721-0207, USA. * email@example.com * Eur Neurol 1997; 38(1):44-8.
ABSTRACT - Fifty-three UK and 59 USA people with multiple sclerosis (MS) answered anonymously
the first questionnaire on cannabis use and MS. From 97 to 30% of the subjects reported
cannabis improved (in descending rank order): spasticity, chronic pain of extremities, acute
paroxysmal phenomenon, tremor, emotional dysfunction, anorexia/weight loss, fatigue states,
double vision, sexual dysfunction, bowel and bladder dysfunctions, vision dimness,
dysfunctions of walking and balance, and memory loss. The MS subjects surveyed have specific
therapeutic reasons for smoking cannabis. The survey findings will aid in the design of a
clinical trial of cannabis or cannabinoid administration to MS patients or to other patients
with similar signs or symptoms. ... delight Cannabis and schizophrenia
Cannabinoids/Parkinson's disease Cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis model Cannabis and
cannabinoids for multiple sclerosis ...
Cannabis in multiple sclerosis model (article) Cannabinoids control spasticity and tremor in
a multiple sclerosis model” by Baker D, Pryce G, Croxford JL, Brown P,
Pertwee RG, Huffman JW, Layward L.; Department of Neurochemistry, Institute of Neurology,
University College London, UK. * D.Baker@ion.ucl.ac.uk * Nature 2000 Mar 2; 404(6773):84-7.
ABSTRACT - Chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (CREAE) is an autoimmune
model of multiple sclerosis. Although both these diseases are typified by relapsing-remitting
paralytic episodes, after CREAE induction by sensitization to myelin antigens Biozzi ABH mice
also develop spasticity and tremor. These symptoms also occur during multiple sclerosis and
are difficult to control. This has prompted some patients to find alternative medicines, and
to perceive benefit from cannabis use. ... newt? Stoned chocaholics? The nectar of delight
Cannabis for multiple sclerosis? Cannabis and cannabinoids for multiple sclerosis. ...
Medicinal Cannabis - Multiple Sclerosis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (online) Cannabis and
Multiple Sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the brain and spinal cord caused by
demyelination (loss of the insulating sheath) of nerve fibres, believed to be caused by some
substance dissolving or breaking-up fatty tissue of the nerve-sheath. The condition is
progressive but varies in intensity, with remission of symptoms and relapse commonly reported.
Common symptoms include fatigue, balance problems, muscle weakness, incontinence, muscle
spasms, pain and tremor.
Current treatments for MS are of little benefit, expensive, and with risks of side effects.
alpha & beta-interferon, and corticosteroids have been found to have some value, but symptoms
are poorly-controlled by existing medications, and no cure has been found. Many patients are
unable to tolerate the side-effects of conventional medication. ...
... benefits of cannabinoids, including crude marijuana, and the ... Summary - Multiple
Sclerosis is a disease for which ... following illicit use of cannabis, and the ...
WebMD: Cannabis May Help Multiple Sclerosis
(BIZ, article) “Cannabis May Help Multiple Sclerosis; Pain, Mobility Improve in Patients
Taking Cannabis Pills” By Jeanie Lerche Davis, WebMD Medical News.
The pain and muscle
stiffness of multiple sclerosis may subside when patients take cannabis pills, a new study
shows. The study, conducted in Great Britain, looks at this connection -- a study triggered
by numerous reports from patients who have had success. It appears in this week's issue of
The Lancet. Read online at WebMD, visit: http://my.webmd.com/content/article/76/90173
Cannabis for multiple sclerosis (article) “Cannabis for multiple sclerosis” by Ed
Rosenthal (07 Apr, 2003). What strain of herb best treats MS?
What is the best strain/type of marijuana to grow for a person with multiple sclerosis?
Q: ”We have applied for a license to possess and grow; Health Canada allows us 10 plants a
year for personal use only.
Garibaldi Highlands, British Columbia
A: GW Pharmaceuticals, a British pharmaceutical company centered on
natural cannabinoid medicines, sponsored a third stage experiment on 13 patients with multiple
sclerosis.” visit: http://www.cannabisculture.com/articles/2910
Other Disorders: Multiple Sclerosis - Wings (article) Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a
progressive, disabling illness that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.
normal conditions these nerve cells are surrounded by an insulating sheath made of fatty
myelin, which speeds the passage of nerve impulses. In MS, this myelin sheath is inflamed or
damaged, disrupting nerve impulses and leaving areas of scarring (sclerosis). The disruption
of nerve signals within the brain and spinal cord causes a variety of symptoms that can affect
vision, sensation, and body movements. ... Other Disorders > Multiple Sclerosis. Multiple
sclerosis (MS) is a progressive, disabling illness that affects nerve ... 7, 2003. Cannabis
May Help Multiple Sclerosis. (WebMD) Nov ...
Marijuana & Multiple Sclerosis Talking Points from NORML (online) Marijuana & Multiple
Sclerosis Talking Points and References Compiled by Paul Armentano, NORML.
(1) Clinical and
anecdotal data indicate that marijuana can provide therapeutic relief to various symptoms
associated with multiple sclerosis, including pain, spasticity, bladder dysfunction, tremor,
and appetite loss. (2) A recent survey of multiple sclerosis patients found that 43
percent used marijuana therapeutically. Among current users, nearly three quarters said
marijuana alleviated their spasms, and more than half said it relieved their pain. ... The
therapeutic potential of cannabis in multiple sclerosis. Baker D, Pryce G. ... with
non-quantifiable outcomes, the value of cannabis use in multiple sclerosis remains
anecdotal ... visit: http://www.drugsense.org/mspu/norml_mmj_ms_talk_points.htm
Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms, Diet, Exercise & Living with Multiple Sclerosis | We provide useful information and resources for people who are diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis Disease
or people looking for information on Multiple Sclerosis. We provide resources on MS Symptoms, MS Exercise, MS Diet and Living With MS.
Multiple Sclerosis Support (org) Multiple Sclerosis Sucks! Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a
chronic, potentially debilitating disease that affects your brain and spinal cord (central
The illness is probably an autoimmune disease, which means your immune system
responds as if part of your body is a foreign substance.
In MS, your body directs antibodies and white blood cells against proteins in the myelin
sheath surrounding nerves in your brain and spinal cord. This causes inflammation and injury
to the sheath and ultimately to your nerves. The result may be multiple areas of scarring
(sclerosis). The damage slows or blocks muscle coordination, visual sensation and other nerve
signals. Multiplesclerosissupport.com is here to help. Stop in today!
AAMC: Can Cannabis Help Multiple Sclerosis? (ORG, INF) “Can Cannabis Help Multiple Sclerosis?
An International Debate Rages” by Jay R. Cavanaugh, PhD, June 2002. Multiple Sclerosis is a
disabling neurological disorder that afflicts approximately 350,000 Americans and well over
one million patients worldwide.
The disease is chronic and progressive. In MS the fatty
covering of nerve tracts within the brain and spinal cord called myelin is gradually degraded
leading to severe problems. The attack on the "coating" of nerves seems to be autoimmune and
may be triggered by virus. ... Can Cannabis Help Multiple Sclerosis? An International Debate
Rages. Jay R. Cavanaugh, PhD. June 2002. Multiple Sclerosis is a disabling ...
GW Pharmaceutical: Research & Development / Multiple Sclerosis (BIZ, INF) Multiple sclerosis
(MS) is a disease affecting the Central Nervous System (CNS).
MS exacerbations appear to be
caused by abnormal immune activity that causes inflammation and the destruction of myelin (the
protective covering of nerve fibres) in the brain or spinal cord. MS usually commences in
early adult life, most frequently presenting at onset as a relapsing and remitting disorder,
where symptoms come and go, and is more common in females. Current treatment of MS is
primarily symptomatic, focussing on such problems as spasticity, pain, fatigue, bladder
problems and depression. ... p. 195-204. 3. Petro DJ. Cannabis in multiple sclerosis: Women's
health concerns. Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 2002;2(3-4):161-175. ...
Multiple Sclerosis links page (online) Current research on multiple sclerosis.
... Why More
Women Get Multiple Sclerosis - WebMD, 1/27/05 ... Antibodies Matter in Multiple Sclerosis -
Doctor's Guide, 11/27/03. Cannabis May Help Multiple Sclerosis - WebMD, 11/6 ...
Smooth Buds; Cannabis Information Center. This Cannabis Web Directory contains information
about hemp, cannabis, medical marijuana, multiple seclerosis, cannabis news, growing or
cultivation, cannabis cultivation guides, cannabis pictures, free pictures and anything else
of interest to marijuanna smokers or those that use cannabis for medical reasons.
BestTreatments, Conditions, Multiple sclerosis, Cannabis (service)
... doctors. Many
people with multiple sclerosis (MS) say that smoking cannabis (also called marijuana) helps
their symptoms. And there ... NOTE: Site attempts to limit availability to UK residents,
requires Postal Code. visit: http://www.besttreatments.co.uk/btuk/conditions/16963.html
Marijuana (Cannabis Sativa / Indica) and Multiple sclerosis (biz, links?)
(Cannabis Sativa / Indica) contains a number of chemicals referred to as cannabinoids.
Some studies have shown that these cannabinoids, like delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC),
have analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. Cannabis is frequently used by patients with Multiple
Sclerosis (MS) for muscle spasm and pain, as well as by patients with other chronic pain conditions."
Multiple Sclerosis (online) Multiple Sclerosis Menu.
This is a webforum to discuss and
comment on Multiple Sclerosis. ... Multiple Sclerosis Menu. This is a webforum to discuss and
comment on Multiple Sclerosis. ... UK Oks MS Cannabis Tests (12/14/99) 4:04 PM ...
Times, The - No Miracle, But Cannabis Does Ease MS Patients' Pain (article) “No miracle, but
cannabis does ease MS patients’ pain” By Nigel Hawkes, Health Editor
CANNABIS has no
measurable effect on muscle stiffness or jerkiness in multiple sclerosis patients - but most
of them feel as if it does, according to a medical trial. The first big trial of
cannabis-based pills for MS patients ended with a mixed message. … 2003 study says cannabis
pills had "no measurable effect on muscle stiffness or jerkiness" in multiple sclerosis
patients, but that most felt it added some benefit.
CC11: New Marijuana Challenge from Multiple Sclerosis Patient (article) “New Marijuana
Challenge from Multiple Sclerosis Patient; Lynn Harichy follows in Chris Clay's footsteps and
gets herself arrested to challenge the law.”
By Nate Hendley. Marijuana isn't supposed to
make you angry or aggressive, but in Lynn Harichy's case, it's done both. On September 15,
Harichy, who is 36 and a mother of four, passed through a crowd of supporters and journalists
in front of the London, Ontario police station and got herself arrested for possessing
marijuana. ... her trial into a forum for legalizing marijuana at least ... of heroin and
cocaine, but not cannabis.) The MS ... by the fact that the Multiple Sclerosis Society of ...
Cannabis Hope Of Multiple Sclerosis Relief (ORG, INF) “CANNABIS HOPE OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
RELIEF; CANNABIS may ameliorate the symptoms of multiple sclerosis, experiments on mice have
shown.” By Author: Nigel Hawkes, Science Editor.
There have been many anecdotal reports of
benefits from MS sufferers who have taken cannabis illegally but scientific evidence has been
lacking. Now a team led by David Baker of the Institute of Neurology in London has shown that
in a strain of mice which suffer a similar disease, the active agents in cannabis reduce
rigidity and trembling of the muscles.
All reduced both tremor and spasticity (rigidity), but a synthetic compound called WIN55
proved the best against tremors, halting uncontrolled limb movements in as little as a minute.
Dr Baker said: "The effect was really startling. ... ] Subj: UK: Cannabis Hope Of Multiple
Sclerosis Relief ] Date: Thu, 2 Mar 2000 01:58:30 -0800 ...
Dr. Koop - The Role of Cannabis in MS (article) “The Role of Cannabis in MS” (Ivanhoe
Newswire) -- The active ingredients in marijuana may have a role in the treatment of multiple
sclerosis, reveals a new study.
People with multiple sclerosis suffer from muscle spasms, stiffness, tremors, and pain. Some
evidence suggest cannabinoids -- derivatives found in marijuana -- might help improve
symptoms, but little formal research exists to back up those claims. … UK study involved 630
multiple sclerosis patients in a 15 week survey on medical marijuana. Cannabis takers reported
less pain & spasticity,but tests didn't note changes …
UK Trial Results On Value Of Cannabis For Multiple Sclerosis (article)
Researchers funded by the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) have found
mixed evidence about
the value of cannabis-derived treatments for people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) but conclude
that such treatments may be of benefit for some patients.
Cannabis Reduces Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis in Britsh Study (article) “Cannabis reduces
symptoms of multiple sclerosis, large British study shows”.
The biggest study of the use of
cannabis and THC (dronabinol) to relieve symptoms of multiple sclerosis produced mixed results
but doctors said there is enough evidence to warrant licensing the treatment for the illness.
Although there was no objective evidence that cannabis relieved spasticity, or muscle
stiffness, caused by the disease, patients reported improvements in pain relief and rigidity.
Mobility was improved as well. ... Cannabis reduces symptoms of multiple sclerosis, large
British study shows ... and THC (dronabinol) to relieve symptoms of multiple sclerosis
produced mixed results but doctors said ...
Multiple Sclerosis News (article) “Lawmakers propose allowing medical use of marijuana".
Marijuana could be used legally for medical purposes by people with debilitating illnesses
under a proposal in the Legislature. … Multiple Sclerosis News continually updated from
thousands of sources around the net. ... Enter ZIP, City or News Search. Multiple Sclerosis
News ... the north-eastern Spanish region of Catalonia will distribute cannabis to patients
suffering from Aids, cancer, multiple ...
cannabisnews.com: Cannabis Helps Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (article) “Cannabis Helps
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis” Posted by CBC News Online Staff
on November 07, 2003 at
10:34:52 PT. Source: CBC Calgary - Cannabis appears to help relieve
some symptoms of multiple sclerosis and it should be studied as a possible treatment,
according to a clinical trial.
Researchers in the United Kingdom designed the trial to see if cannabinoids, the active
compounds in cannabis, reduced spasticity in 611 people with MS. ... Cannabis Helps Symptoms
of Multiple Sclerosis. Posted by CN Staff on November 07, 2003 at 10 ... help relieve some
symptoms of multiple sclerosis and it should be studied ...
Cannabis extract reduces pain in multiple sclerosis patients (article)
The cannabis extract, dronabinol, reduces pain in patients with multiple sclerosis,
research published on www.bmj.com
The study involved 24 patients with multiple sclerosis and central pain attending a hospital
clinic in Denmark. ... Sunday 30th January. Cannabis extract reduces pain in multiple
sclerosis patients ... dronabinol, reduces pain in patients with multiple sclerosis, finds
new research published on www ...
RxMarijuana.com | Marijuana: The Forbidden Medicine.
(ORG, inf, Book) Featured Medical Marijuana Patient Accounts * to share website visitors' medical marijuana histories to provide insight into uses for this medicine which are not widely known. … If you wish to send us a personal account of your medical marijuana experiences, ... Cannabis and PTSD by Michael McKenna ... visit: www.rxmarihuana.com/shared.htm
(web-ring / link-list) * Your starting point for the best medical info. Free Medical Cannabis info Find what you're looking for! Visit: www.medical-101.com/s/medical_cannabis
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